Institutional Mechanisms for Sustainable Sanitation: Learning from Successful Case Studies
Seetharam, K. E.; Hashimoto, Kazushi; Bugalia, Nikhil | December 2018
Even though access to improved sanitation facilities has improved, progress in access to safely managed sanitation services is still slow. Globally, 4.5 billion people still lack access to safely managed sanitation (UNICEF and WHO 2017). Such inappropriate management of excreta is a main source of pollution of public water bodies, rivers, canals, and ponds, particularly in the urban areas of many Asian developing countries. According to a survey conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (2012), in Jakarta, Indonesia, although the share of residents with access to improved sanitation facilities has reached 87% (85% to septic tanks and 2% to sewerage systems), the rivers in the city are seriously polluted.
CitationSeetharam, K. E.; Hashimoto, Kazushi; Bugalia, Nikhil. 2018. Institutional Mechanisms for Sustainable Sanitation: Learning from Successful Case Studies. © Asian Development Bank Institute. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/9358. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Access To Water
Demand For Water
Drinking Water And Sanitation
Managing Water Resources
Sanitation services wastes
Water quality management
Drinking water protection
Source water protection
Water in agriculture
Integrated water development
Residential water consumptionShow allCollapse