Building Food Security in Asia through International Agreements on Rice Reserves
Kim, Kunmin; Plaza, Paula P. | August 2018
Through the years, Asian states have forged relationships to achieve food security by establishing emergency food reserves (Briones et al. 2012). These relationships are institutionalized in joint statements, declarations, and agreements of intergovernmental organizations (Hirano 1996). The outcome is to preserve and enhance development and stability in the Asian region. What are these instruments? Do they have binding force? How should historically nonconfrontational states resolve disputes and enforce decisions? This policy brief outlines the institutional history of the Agreement on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Food Security Reserve (AFSR) Agreement and the ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve (APTERR) Agreement, and discusses their key features, binding force, and dispute resolution mechanisms. It concludes with an analysis of their efficacy and the following policy implications: First, the current APTERR stocks are inadequate to meet its objectives. Parties should increase cooperation and financial support for the APTERR. Second, the parties should increase the speed of negotiation, coordination, and response for acute and emergency food aid (Tier 3) releases after a calamity. Third, the parties should eliminate the consensus requirement for APTERR Council decisions in disputes. Finally, the parties should incorporate an enforcement and compliance mechanism for APTERR Council decisions; otherwise, its decisions would remain pyrrhic victories.
CitationKim, Kunmin; Plaza, Paula P.. 2018. Building Food Security in Asia through International Agreements on Rice Reserves. © Asian Development Bank Institute. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/8633. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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