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Why Geographic Dispersion Before Its Time: Industrial Policy and Economic Geography in the People’s Republic of China

dc.contributor.authorYiyun Wu
dc.contributor.authorXiwei Zhu
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-27T07:42:05Z
dc.date.available2017-04-27T07:42:05Z
dc.date.issued2017-01-30
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/6790
dc.description.abstractThis paper investigates the trends and determinants of geographic concentration and industrial specialization in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) using interprovincial panel data for the period from 1999 to 2010. It shows that, after 2005, both geographic concentration and industrial specialization began to decrease, resulting in an increased similarity of provincial industrial structure. Industrial policies of provincial governments cause geographic dispersion and inverse specialization. The result is robust when using instrumental variables to deal with possible reverse causality and omitted variable problems. The mechanism behind this is that central government industrial policy, which tends to last for several years, is an important reference document for each provincial planner. This causes the less-developed regions to deviate from their comparative advantages, resulting in a combination of insufficient geographic concentration and inverse specialization in the PRC.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.titleWhy Geographic Dispersion Before Its Time: Industrial Policy and Economic Geography in the People’s Republic of China
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertIndustrialization
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Economics
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Development
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Policy
dc.subject.expertTechnology assessment
dc.subject.adbCommerce and Industry
dc.subject.adbIntra-Industry Trade
dc.subject.adbLarge Scale Industry
dc.subject.adbLabor
dc.subject.adbTechnical Evaluation
dc.subject.adbResults-Based Monitoring And Evaluation
dc.subject.adbPerformance Evaluation
dc.subject.naturalCapital market
dc.subject.naturalDeveloping countries
dc.subject.naturalMarket share
dc.subject.naturalLabor
dc.subject.naturalTechnology transfer
dc.subject.naturalCumulative effects assessment
dc.subject.naturalJob analysis
dc.subject.naturalTask analysis
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Papers
dc.title.volumeno. 633
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.themeIndustry
oar.themeEvaluation
oar.themeSmall Medium Business
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.identifierOAR-006471
oar.authorWu, Yiyun
oar.authorZhu, Xiwei
oar.importTRUE
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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