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Divergence of Human Capital in Cities in the People’s Republic of China: Exploring Complementarities and Spatial Agglomeration of the Workforce with Various Skills

dc.contributor.authorWenquan Liang
dc.contributor.authorMing Lu
dc.description.abstractIn cities, complementarity between a low-skilled and a high-skilled workforce can promote each other to improve labor productivity. In this study, we used earlier census data and 1% population survey data to examine the distribution of the skilled workforce in cities in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) along with its changes, and drew the following three conclusions. First, a highly skilled workforce is the engine of urban development, increasing urban wages and population. Second, big cities can promote complementarity between skill sets so that there are greater numbers of high-skilled and low-skilled workers in those cities. This explains why both low-skilled and high-skilled workforces agglomerate in big cities. Last, complementarity between the low-skilled and high-skilled workforce is inhibited in the PRC’s cities because of the biased household registration system (HRS) toward the high-skilled workforce, resulting in limited supply of low-skilled labor. This policy is not conducive to enhance labor productivity in big cities and to carry out its leading role of economic growth.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.titleDivergence of Human Capital in Cities in the People’s Republic of China: Exploring Complementarities and Spatial Agglomeration of the Workforce with Various Skills
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertUrban Plans
dc.subject.expertUrban agriculture
dc.subject.expertEconomic Development
dc.subject.expertRural Urban Migration
dc.subject.expertInstitutional Framework
dc.subject.expertBusiness Management
dc.subject.expertCorporate Restructuring
dc.subject.adbUrban Services
dc.subject.adbUrban Projects
dc.subject.adbUrban Problems
dc.subject.adbUrban Poverty
dc.subject.adbUrban Policy
dc.subject.adbUrban Planning
dc.subject.adbUrban Infrastructure
dc.subject.adbUrban Health
dc.subject.adbUrban Government
dc.subject.adbUrban Economic Development
dc.subject.adbUrban Development Finance
dc.subject.adbUrban Development
dc.subject.adbUrban Conditions
dc.subject.adbUrban Communities
dc.subject.adbUrban Population
dc.subject.adbAssessing Corporate Governance
dc.subject.adbCorporate Governance Reform
dc.subject.adbGovernance Models
dc.subject.naturalLocal government
dc.subject.naturalUrban renewal
dc.subject.naturalUrban housing
dc.subject.naturalUrban sociology
dc.subject.naturalTransit systems
dc.subject.naturalRapid transit
dc.subject.naturalPublic transit
dc.subject.naturalMass transit
dc.subject.naturalPersonnel management
dc.subject.naturalCorporate reorganizations
dc.subject.naturalIntergovernmental cooperation
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Papers
dc.title.volumeNo. 575
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.authorLiang, Wenquan
oar.authorLu, Ming

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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