Family Farms and Plantations in Tropical Development
Hayami, Yujiro | June 2002
Small family farms and plantations are the two contrasting systems of agricultural production in the tropics. While the family farm is an old institution, which has existed since time immemorial, the plantation is a new institution brought by the West for extracting tropical cash crops for export to home countries. Large-scale operation of the plantation was necessary for internalizing gains from investment in infrastructure needed for opening vast tracts of unused lands. However, where the communities of indigenous smallholders had already been established, family farms proved to be equally or more efficient producers of tropical export crops with their family labor characterized by low supervision costs, relative to plantations based on hired labor. This advantage of family farms rose as population density increased and rural infrastructure improved, while not only economic but also social drawbacks of the plantation system loomed. Reorganization of the plantation is desired. However, breaking down plantations for operation by smallholders through government coercive measures will likely prove to be disruptive and inefficient. A better approach will be to support private sector initiative to reorganize the plantation system into a contract farming system in which an agribusiness enterprise manages the processing/marketing process and contracts with small growers for an assured supply of farm-produced raw materials.
CitationHayami, Yujiro. 2002. Family Farms and Plantations in Tropical Development. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/5410.
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Health Hazards
Environmental Action Plans
Project Evaluation & Review Technique
Agricultural and Environmental Sectors
Oil spills prevention
Life support systems
Global environmental change
Balance of nature
Ecological risk assessment
Glacial erosionShow allCollapse