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Greenhouse Gas Inventories for Urban Operations in Southeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunities

dc.contributor.authorKamal, Sameer A.
dc.contributor.authorSandhu, Sonia Chand
dc.description.abstractThis paper discusses the challenges, opportunities, and basic steps associated with estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for projects in the urban sector, and documenting these as part of GHG inventories for cities. Documenting GHG emissions allows the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to monitor progress on environmental mitigation impacts of reducing carbon in and across its operations. This is particularly relevant in the urban sector, as cities are major contributors to GHG emissions and climate change. Key challenges include the unique and complex nature of the urban sector, the time and costs involved, and the expectation or perception that emission volumes from individual urban projects may be insignificant. In spite of these challenges, there is a strong case and a building global momentum for estimating GHG emissions for projects and developing GHG inventories for cities. Recent case studies provide evidence that GHG emission estimates establish valuable baselines, allowing for credible, analysis-based determinations of the magnitudes of carbon-related impacts of urban projects, and that GHG inventories enable cities to drive green investments, leverage and access climate financing (including from an evolving global carbon market), and raise public awareness. GHG inventories can serve as platforms for cross-sector planning and decision making, enabling cities to explore result-specific solutions with respect to environmental sustainability and climate change. The paper recommends estimating GHG emissions for projects with mitigation potential, and developing GHG inventories as part of urban development projects that aim for comprehensive citywide planning and investments. There is significant opportunity for scaling up and replicating these activities in ADB’s urban operations in Southeast Asia.en_US
dc.publisherAsian Development Banken_US
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGOen_US
dc.titleGreenhouse Gas Inventories for Urban Operations in Southeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunitiesen_US
dc.subject.expertUrban Development Financeen_US
dc.subject.expertUrban Developmenten_US
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Managementen_US
dc.subject.adbClimate Changeen_US
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Planningen_US
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Planningen_US
dc.subject.naturalUrban Projectsen_US
dc.subject.naturalAnalysis of environmental impacten_US
dc.title.seriesSoutheast Asia Working Papersen_US
dc.title.volumeNo. 12en_US
oar.authorKamal, Sameer A.
oar.authorSandhu, Sonia Chand

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  • ADB Southeast Asia Working Paper Series
    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Southeast Asia Working Paper Series is a forum for stimulating discussion and eliciting feedback on ongoing and recently completed economic, sector, and policy work undertaken by ADB staff, consultants, or resource persons in the context of the operational work of ADB’s Southeast Asia Department. The series deals with economic and development issues in Southeast Asia and aims to enhance knowledge of the region’s development and policy challenges, strengthen subregional and country operations, and contribute to policy dialogue at the national and regional levels. The ADB Southeast Asia Working Paper Series is a quick-disseminating, informal publication whose titles could subsequently be revised for publication as articles in professional journals or as chapters in books. Maintained by the Southeast Asia Department, the purpose of the series is to disseminate the findings of works in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas. The emphasis is on getting findings out quickly even if the presentation of the work is less than fully polished.

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