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The Costs of Achieving the Millennium Development Goals through Adopting Organic Agriculture

dc.contributor.authorAnil Markandya
dc.contributor.authorSununtar Setboonsarng
dc.contributor.authorQiao Yu Hui
dc.contributor.authorRachanee Songkranok
dc.contributor.authorAdam Stefan
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-10T10:16:51Z
dc.date.available2015-04-10T10:16:51Z
dc.date.issued2010-01-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/3781
dc.description.abstractThis paper provides estimates of the costs of organic agriculture (OA) programs, and sets them in the context of the costs of attaining the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It analyzes the costs of OA programs in four case studies: Wanzai, PRC; Wuyuan, PRC; Kandy, Sri Lanka; and Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand. The results show considerable variation across the case studies, suggesting that there is no clear structure to the costs of adopting OA. Costs do depend on the efficiency with which the OA adoption programs are run. The lowest cost programs were more than ten times less expensive than the highest cost ones. A further analysis of the gains resulting from OA adoption reveals that the costs per person taken out of poverty was much lower than the World Bank’s estimates, based on income growth in general or based on the detailed costs of meeting some of the more quantifiable MDGs (e.g., education, health, and environment).
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titleThe Costs of Achieving the Millennium Development Goals through Adopting Organic Agriculture
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertAgriculture
dc.subject.expertDevelopment
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Goals
dc.subject.expertMillennium Development Goals
dc.subject.expertSocial Development
dc.subject.adbEducation
dc.subject.adbSocial Development
dc.subject.naturalNatural resource
dc.subject.naturalWater supply
dc.subject.naturalMill
dc.subject.naturalNatural resource
dc.subject.naturalWater
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volume193
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeAgriculture
oar.themeDevelopment
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-004196
oar.authorMarkandya, Anil
oar.authorSetboonsarng, Sununtar
oar.authorHui, Qiao Yu
oar.authorSongkranok, Rachanee
oar.authorStefan, Adam
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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