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Child Malnutrition as a Poverty Indicator: An Evaluation in the Context of Different Development Interventions in Indonesia

dc.contributor.authorSununtar Setboonsarng
dc.description.abstractThere is no international consensus on what poverty is and how it should be measured. The most commonly used poverty indicator, income level, is limited as it ignores the multidimensional character of poverty. Because the choice of an indicator reflects societal values and developmental goals, and because what gets measured gets attention from policy makers and society, the choice of a poverty indicator is important. It sets priorities for policies and programs and determines outcomes of development. The paper reviews qualifications of a good indicator and proposes child malnutrition as an appropriate poverty indicator. It points out that implications of allowing poverty to affect children go beyond individual children to the health, well being and productivity of future generations and of society as a whole. It finds child nutrition to be a more comprehensive than income level as it is reflective of desirable outcomes of development i.e. improvement in gender equality, intra-household distribution, and health environment quality. Using Indonesia as a case study, the paper evaluates the practicality of adopting child malnutrition as a poverty indicator for ADB’s rural development projects. Strengths and weaknesses of three child malnutrition indicators: stunting, wasting, and underweight are reviewed in the context of different development interventions. The paper concludes that child malnutrition is highly relevant conceptually but the practical use as a poverty indicator varies by country due to the limitation on data availability. The paper proposes that child malnutrition be included as one of the millennium development goal indicators.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titleChild Malnutrition as a Poverty Indicator: An Evaluation in the Context of Different Development Interventions in Indonesia
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertReproductive Health
dc.subject.expertNutrition and Health Care
dc.subject.expertMaternal and Child Health
dc.subject.expertFamily Health
dc.subject.expertPrenatal Care
dc.subject.expertNutrition Programs
dc.subject.expertChild Nutrition
dc.subject.expertState and nutrition
dc.subject.expertFood policy
dc.subject.expertNutrition policy
dc.subject.expertHealth Aspects Of Poverty
dc.subject.adbPrenatal Care
dc.subject.adbNutrition Programs
dc.subject.adbChild Nutrition
dc.subject.adbChild Development
dc.subject.adbSocial Conditions
dc.subject.adbSocially Disadvantaged Children
dc.subject.naturalNutrition and state
dc.subject.naturalFood policy
dc.subject.naturalNutrition policy
dc.subject.naturalCost and standard of living
dc.subject.naturalEconomic conditions
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.authorSetboonsarng, Sununtar

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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