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The Eastern Islands of Indonesia: An Overview of Development Needs and Potential

dc.contributor.authorBrien K. Parkinson
dc.description.abstractThe Eastern region of Indonesia covers a land area that represents more than 68 per cent of the country, but includes only 20 per cent of the national population. The Eastern region exhibits enormous diversity in climate, soils, topography, vegetation, resource potential, population density, culture, and indigenous languages, to the extent that it is extremely difficult to make meaningful generalizations. Moreover, in a study such as this, it is impossible to cover comprehensively all sectors and issues in a geographical area so vast. This study thus should be considered only as a preliminary assessment, and its conclusions tentative. The Eastern region of Indonesia has enormous resource potential in its forests, hydrocarbon and mineral resources, and fishing grounds. However, the nature of much of this potential |*>scs the problem of exploitation in a manner that is sustainable and that minimizes resource depletion. Translating a commitment to sustainability into practical reality is frustrated by the country’s demographic imbalances and the acute population pressures of certain areas, the size and geographical dispersion of its forests, the need to search for additional agricultural land, the continuing quest for increased output and non-oil productive options, the desire to raise incomes, and the need to reduce poverty. Accommodating these pressures and overcoming the problems faced by the Government in controlling resource exploitation constitutes the main developmental challenge of the region, rather than increasing regional output per se.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titleThe Eastern Islands of Indonesia: An Overview of Development Needs and Potential
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Resources
dc.subject.expertPolicy Environment
dc.subject.expertRegulatory Environments
dc.subject.expertSustainable Development
dc.subject.expertEnvironmentally Sustainable Development
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Challenges
dc.subject.adbNatural resources policy
dc.subject.adbDevelopment policy
dc.subject.adbResources development
dc.subject.adbForest site mapping
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Management
dc.subject.adbNature Protection
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Conservation
dc.subject.adbLandscape Protection
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental impact statements
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural landscape management
dc.subject.naturalSustainable forestry
dc.subject.naturalSustainable horticulture
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental indexes
dc.subject.naturalProtection of environment
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental geotechnology
dc.subject.naturalNatural areas
dc.subject.naturalNatural beauty conservation
dc.title.seriesOccasional Papers
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.authorParkinson, Brien K.

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