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Bogotá's Experience in Sustainable City Development

dc.contributor.authorEnrique Peñalosa
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-18T12:24:12Z
dc.date.available2015-03-18T12:24:12Z
dc.date.issued2008-12-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/2721
dc.description.abstractBogotá is an old city in Colombia with a population of about 7 million. In 1998, I promoted this city “not for businesses or automobiles, but for children and for the people,” and restricted car use instead of building highways. I also rejected a Transportation Master Plan that proposed to solve Bogotá’s traffic jams with a metro system and elevated highways because it was unaffordable and unworkable, promising mobility for the few, but not for all. From 1998 to 2000, a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system called TransMilenio was made operational, transforming Bogotá’s quality of life and renewing civic spirit among the people. The money that Bogotá would have paid interest in one year for a loan to build the metro was used instead to build 155 miles of bicycle paths that now move 5% of the population, up 10 times from bike ridership in 1998. A key to the success of Bogotá’s BRT is the attention paid to improving public spaces, bikeways, and sidewalks which make the system safe and accessible to all. After five months of operation, TransMilenio reported a 93% reduction in traffic fatalities; a 40% drop in some air pollutants; a 32% decline in travel time; and a passenger acceptance level of 88%. The TransMilenio with its feeder bus system, bikeways, sidewalks, parks, and improved public spaces has been continuously expanded. The improved city infrastructure has attracted citizens from all income levels. Private car owners have shifted to BRT, contributing more than 20% of total bus customers.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titleBogotá's Experience in Sustainable City Development
dc.typeBriefs
dc.subject.expertDevelopment
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Issues
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Policies
dc.subject.expertInfrastructure Development
dc.subject.expertDemand For Transport
dc.subject.expertMeans Of Transport
dc.subject.expertNational Transport
dc.subject.expertPassenger Transport
dc.subject.expertRoad & Highway Transport
dc.subject.expertRoad Transportation Systems
dc.subject.expertSea Transport
dc.subject.expertTransport Costs
dc.subject.expertTransport Efficiency
dc.subject.expertTransport Infrastructure
dc.subject.expertTransport Planning
dc.subject.expertTransport Policy
dc.subject.expertTransport Services
dc.subject.expertTransport Systems
dc.subject.expertTransport Tax
dc.subject.expertTransportation
dc.subject.adbModes of transport
dc.subject.adbAirports
dc.subject.adbPorts
dc.subject.adbShipping
dc.subject.adbTaxis
dc.subject.adbVehicle
dc.subject.adbAutomobile industry
dc.subject.adbRoad traffic
dc.subject.adbInland transport
dc.subject.adbInternational transport
dc.subject.adbPublic transport
dc.subject.adbUrban transport
dc.subject.adbTranport statistics
dc.subject.adbTransport networks
dc.subject.adbDevelopment projects
dc.subject.adbStrategic planning
dc.subject.naturalInfrastructure
dc.subject.naturalCity planning
dc.subject.naturalUrban impact analysis
dc.subject.naturalCommunication and traffic
dc.subject.naturalNavigation
dc.subject.naturalTransport planes
dc.subject.naturalAir transportation industry
dc.subject.naturalAir transportation system
dc.subject.naturalIntra-airport transportation
dc.subject.naturalInland water transportation
dc.subject.naturalIntercoastal shipping
dc.subject.naturalMarine transportation
dc.subject.naturalLocal transit
dc.subject.naturalHighway transportation
dc.subject.naturalMotor transportation
dc.subject.naturalStudent transportation
dc.subject.naturalChoice of transportation
dc.subject.naturalPublic transportation
dc.subject.naturalTransportation industry
dc.subject.naturalMass transit
dc.subject.naturalMunicipal transit
dc.title.seriesKnowledge Showcases
dc.title.volume2
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeDevelopment
oar.themeTransport
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-003657
oar.authorPeñalosa, Enrique
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • ADB Knowledge Showcases
    The Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Knowledge Showcases series highlights innovative ideas, creative solutions, or good practices resulting from the projects, technical assistance, and other initiatives of ADB. It aims to draw readers to delve deeper into the back story of the project, promote further discussion and research, and ultimately encourage replication and expansion where applicable.

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