4. Working Papers

Working papers are research-oriented and strongly analytical preliminary papers circulated for comments. These are issued to share ideas about a topic and present findings of research or work in progress. They have coherent analysis and technical content flow and are typically text-driven with minimal images. Working papers present cutting-edge analysis and research, and are subject to formal revision and correction before they are finalized and considered published. Working papers are quick-disseminating, informal publications that seek to provide information, generate discussion, and elicit comments so that they could be subsequently revised for publication as articles in professional journals or as chapters in books.


  • The Role of Waterways in Promoting Urban Resilience: The Case of Kochi City 

    Aziz, Zeba; Ray, Indro; Paul, Sandeep (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, 2018-05-15)
    Coastal cities around the world are locales of high vulnerability. The issues are graver in the developing world where the challenges posed by the urbanization and climate change multiply the existing risks. Here, we examine the case of Kochi, an Indian ...
  • Financial Inclusion, Financial Literacy, and Financial Education in Azerbaijan 

    Ibadoghlu, Gubad (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2018-05-15)
    This paper discusses the status of financial inclusion, education, and literacy in Azerbaijan as well as measures to foster the development of SMEs, which currently have inadequate access to financial resources. The primary policy challenge faced by ...
  • Do Information and Communication Technologies Empower Female Workers? Firm-Level Evidence from Viet Nam 

    Chun, Natalie; Tang, Heiwai (Asian Development Bank, 2018-05-15)
    This paper studies the effects of firms’ investments in information and communication technologies (ICT) on their demand for female and skilled workers. Using the gradual liberalization of the broadband Internet sector across provinces from 2006 to ...
  • Constructing the Asia-Pacific Regional Cooperation and Integration Index: A Panel Approach 

    Park, Cyn-Young; Claveria, Racquel (Asian Development Bank, 2018-05-15)
    In this paper, we propose a panel approach in the construction of the Asia-Pacific Regional Cooperation and Integration Index (ARCII) to strengthen the index’s ability to track the progress of economic integration in the region over time. Panel-based ...

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