4. Working Papers

Working papers are research-oriented and strongly analytical preliminary papers circulated for comments. These are issued to share ideas about a topic and present findings of research or work in progress. They have coherent analysis and technical content flow and are typically text-driven with minimal images. Working papers present cutting-edge analysis and research, and are subject to formal revision and correction before they are finalized and considered published. Working papers are quick-disseminating, informal publications that seek to provide information, generate discussion, and elicit comments so that they could be subsequently revised for publication as articles in professional journals or as chapters in books.


  • Vulnerability to Poverty in the Philippines: An Examination of Trends from 2003 to 2015 

    Albert, Jose Ramon G.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V. (Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2018-08-30)
    The reduction of poverty is at the heart of the development agenda both nationally and globally. This is reflected in the Philippine Development Plan, and the worldwide commitment toward the Sustainable Development Goals. While the measurement of poverty ...
  • Assessing the Effects of Simple and Complex Innovation Strategies on the Performance of Firms in the Philippines 

    Bayudan-Dacuycuy, Connie; Baje, Lora Kryz C. (Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2018-08-30)
    Innovation is the synergistic use of resources, technology, capital, and information to achieve growth at different levels of the economy. Many studies abroad have already supported the hypothesis that innovation leads to a good firm performance and ...
  • E-Education in the Philippines: The Case of Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Online Program 

    Dumaua-Cabautan, Madeline; Calizo, Sylwyn C.; Quimba, Francis Mark A.; Pacio, Lachmi C. (Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2018-08-30)
    Education and training for productive employment play a crucial role in the social and economic plans of a developing country like the Philippines. Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the country has been viewed as a tool to help ...
  • Implications of Fiscal and Financial Policies for Unlocking Green Finance and Green Investment 

    Azhgaliyeva, Dina; Kapsaplyamova, Zhanna; Low, Linda (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2018-08-15)
    Scaling up private investment in renewable energy is indispensable for achieving decarbonization of the global economy, low carbon transformation, and climate-resilient growth. As advocated by the United Nations, governments should create a level playing ...

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