4. Working Papers

Working papers are research-oriented and strongly analytical preliminary papers circulated for comments. These are issued to share ideas about a topic and present findings of research or work in progress. They have coherent analysis and technical content flow and are typically text-driven with minimal images. Working papers present cutting-edge analysis and research, and are subject to formal revision and correction before they are finalized and considered published. Working papers are quick-disseminating, informal publications that seek to provide information, generate discussion, and elicit comments so that they could be subsequently revised for publication as articles in professional journals or as chapters in books.


  • The Labor Share of Income Around the World: Evidence from a Panel Dataset 

    Guerriero, Marta (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2019-02-15)
    There are two fundamental reasons why factor shares have traditionally been overlooked in the economic literature. First, because of their nature, factor shares are conceptually difficult to define and measure. Second, they have for a long time been ...
  • Improving Subnational Government Development Finance in Emerging and Developing Economies: Toward a Strategic Approach 

    Smoke, Paul (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2019-02-15)
    Considerable attention has been given to enhancing subnational development finance in response to the 2008 global financial crisis and recent global development agendas, including the Sustainable Development Goals, Financing for Development, and Habitat ...
  • Money and Central Bank Digital Currency 

    Shirai, Sayuri (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2019-02-15)
    This paper takes an overview of the concepts and features of central bank money and private sector money and focuses on the actual performance of these types of money in selected advanced and emerging economies. In addition, digital coins (crypto ...
  • Capacity Development Challenges in the way of SDGs implementation in Pakistan 

    Khan, Ammad Javed; Ali, Wajid (Sustainable Development Policy Institute, 2019-02-15)
    Capacity building interventions in major public service domains are inevitable to expedite the prospects for a welfare and egalitarian society. In the field of education, some primary organizational capacity building gaps relate to managerial capacity ...

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