4. Working Papers

Working papers are research-oriented and strongly analytical preliminary papers circulated for comments. These are issued to share ideas about a topic and present findings of research or work in progress. They have coherent analysis and technical content flow and are typically text-driven with minimal images. Working papers present cutting-edge analysis and research, and are subject to formal revision and correction before they are finalized and considered published. Working papers are quick-disseminating, informal publications that seek to provide information, generate discussion, and elicit comments so that they could be subsequently revised for publication as articles in professional journals or as chapters in books.


  • Trade Network and Economic Fluctuations in Asia 

    Giudici, Paolo; Huang, Bihong; Spelta, Alessandro (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2018-04-15)
    The paper presents a new methodology, based on tensor decomposition, to map dynamic trade networks and to assess their strength on spreading economic fluctuations at different periods of time in Asia. Using the monthly merchandise import and export ...
  • Structural Change with Public Educational Expenditure: Evidence from the People's Republic of China 

    Zhang, Xun (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2018-04-15)
    This paper represents an early attempt to analyze the comprehensive relationship between public educational expenditure and structural change, which is often measured by labor transfer from agricultural sector to industrial sector in developing economies. ...
  • Do Borrowing Constraints Matter for Intergenerational Educational Mobility? Evidence From Japan 

    Niimi, Yoko (Asian Development Bank Institute, 2018-04-15)
    This paper examines the intergenerational transmission of educational attainment using data on Japan. By exploiting unique information on whether children have ever given up schooling for financial reasons and, if they have, which level of schooling ...
  • Solid Waste Management in India: An Assessment of Resource Recovery and Environmental Impact 

    Ahluwalia, Isher Judge; Patel, Utkarsh (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, 2018-04-15)
    This study analyses the environmental and financial sustainability of solid waste management in Indian cities. It presents an assessment of the rapidly rising volume of municipal solid waste, its changing composition, the continuing practice of mixing ...

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