4. Working Papers

Working papers are research-oriented and strongly analytical preliminary papers circulated for comments. These are issued to share ideas about a topic and present findings of research or work in progress. They have coherent analysis and technical content flow and are typically text-driven with minimal images. Working papers present cutting-edge analysis and research, and are subject to formal revision and correction before they are finalized and considered published. Working papers are quick-disseminating, informal publications that seek to provide information, generate discussion, and elicit comments so that they could be subsequently revised for publication as articles in professional journals or as chapters in books.


  • Processing Trade, Trade Liberalisation, and Opening Up: China’s Miracle of International Trade 

    Yu, Miaojie; Zhu, Huihuang (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, 2019-11-30)
    Understanding the role of international trade is the key to understanding China’s miraculous economic growth. This paper reviews the literature on international trade in the context of China, with a focus on processing trade, trade liberalisation, and ...
  • The Philippines’ Voluntary National Review on the Sustainable Development Goals 

    Reyes, Celia M.; Albert, Jose Ramon G.; Tabuga, Aubrey D.; Arboneda, Arkin A.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V.; Cabaero, Carlos C. (Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2019-11-30)
    United Nations member-states, including the Philippines, committed to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to "conduct regular and inclusive reviews of progress at the national and sub-national levels, ...
  • Towards Inclusive Social Protection Program Coverage in the Philippines: Examining Gender Disparities 

    Tabuga, Aubrey D.; Cabaero, Carlos C. (Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2019-11-30)
    The Philippines, being prone to natural calamities and vulnerable to economic fluctuations, has much to accomplish in terms of improving its population’s access to social protection. A focus on women’s access is crucial in the light of their significantly ...
  • Economic Consequences of Trade and Investment Liberalisation: The Case of Viet Nam 

    Vo, Thanh Tri; Nguyen, Duong Anh; Do, Thien Thi Nhan (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, 2019-11-30)
    Since Doi Moi (Renovation) in 1986, economic integration has been an important pillar of Viet Nam’s reforms. Economic integration has gradually deepened, and even World Trade Organization accession in 2007 marked no end to Viet Nam’s economic integration ...

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