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Securing Access to Electricity with Variable Renewable Energy in the Philippines: Learning from the Nordic Model

dc.contributor.authorShinichi Taniguchi
dc.description.abstractAlthough access to electricity has improved in the Philippines, the country still faces an energy insecurity problem. The country is highly dependent on coal power and large-scale transmission lines to meet its growing demand for electricity; while aiming to supply electricity to the cities, rural areas have fallen behind. This approach has resulted in higher electricity rates, urban and rural inequality in electricity distribution, and a huge environmental impact, while the system reliability is at risk. Variable renewable energy (VRE) plays a key role in resolving this problem, because of its abundance and a recent trend for cost competitiveness. The Nordic model provides useful suggestions in integrating a high share of VRE, but it has a limitation in the interconnection of underdeveloped power grids with off-grid areas, like in the Philippines. Constructing an effective interconnector is difficult, because it is subject to the future installation of VRE. There is an alternative measure: the distributed VRE model. The Nordic model also provides useful suggestions, such as the requirement for flexible resources (e.g., hydroelectric and storage resources). This model is beneficial in improving the local electrification rate and the energy consumption rate (ECR) per capita, leading to economic growth. The last analysis indicates that the combination of VRE and storage would be more cost-competitive than the traditional fossil fuel generation model.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.titleSecuring Access to Electricity with Variable Renewable Energy in the Philippines: Learning from the Nordic Model
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Energy Consumption
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy development
dc.subject.expertHousehold Energy Consumption
dc.subject.expertRenewable Energy
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy
dc.subject.expertEnergy Technology
dc.subject.expertProject Evaluation & Review Technique
dc.subject.expertOperations Evaluation
dc.subject.expertProgram Evaluation
dc.subject.expertEvaluation Techniques
dc.subject.expertEvaluation Criteria
dc.subject.adbEnergy Pricing Policy
dc.subject.adbEnergy Supply
dc.subject.adbPrimary Energy Supply
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Indicators
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy program
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy technology
dc.subject.adbDomestic Energy
dc.subject.adbEnergy Demand
dc.subject.adbEnergy Prices
dc.subject.adbEnergy planning
dc.subject.adbProject impact
dc.subject.adbProgram management
dc.subject.adbProject appraisal
dc.subject.adbCost benefit analysis
dc.subject.naturalPower resource
dc.subject.naturalElectric power
dc.subject.naturalEnergy development
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy assistance
dc.subject.naturalEnergy tax credit
dc.subject.naturalElectric power consumption
dc.subject.naturalCost effectiveness
dc.subject.naturalSupply and demand
dc.subject.naturalEnergy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy consumption
dc.subject.naturalPrice Indexes
dc.subject.naturalGreen technology
dc.subject.naturalElectric power
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy source
dc.subject.naturalEnergy development
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy conservation
dc.subject.naturalEnergy policy
dc.subject.naturalParticipatory monitoring and evaluation
dc.subject.naturalParticipative management
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volumeNo. 1009
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.authorTaniguchi, Shinichi

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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