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Asia’s Wicked Environmental Problems

dc.contributor.authorStephen Howes
dc.contributor.authorPaul Wyrwoll
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-24T13:12:09Z
dc.date.available2015-01-24T13:12:09Z
dc.date.issued2012-02-28
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/1112
dc.description.abstractThe developing economies of Asia are confronted by serious environmental problems that threaten to undermine future growth, food security, and regional stability. This study considers four major environmental challenges that policymakers across developing Asia will need to address towards 2030: water management, air pollution, deforestation and land degradation, and climate change. We argue that these challenges, each unique in their own way, all exhibit the characteristics of “wicked problems”. As developed in the planning literature, and now applied much more broadly, wicked problems are dynamic, complex, encompass many issues and stakeholders, and evade straightforward, lasting solutions. Detailed case studies are presented to illustrate the complexity and significance of Asia’s environmental challenges, and also their nature as wicked problems. The most important implication of this finding is that there will be no easy or universal solutions to environmental problems across Asia. This is a caution against over-optimism and blueprint or formulaic solutions. It is not, however, a counsel for despair. We suggest seven general principles which may be useful across the board. These are: a focus on co-benefits; an emphasis on stakeholder participation; a commitment to scientific research; an emphasis on long-term planning; pricing reform; tackling corruption, in addition to generally bolstering institutional capacity with regard to environmental regulation; and a strengthening of regional approaches and international support.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/
dc.titleAsia’s Wicked Environmental Problems
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertWork Environment
dc.subject.expertUrban Environment
dc.subject.expertSocial Environment
dc.subject.expertRegulatory Environments
dc.subject.expertMarine Environment
dc.subject.expertInternational Environmental Relations
dc.subject.expertInstitutional Environment Assessment
dc.subject.expertGlobal Environment
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Sustainability
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Strategy
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Services
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Resources
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Management and Planning
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Issues
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Guidelines
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Effects
dc.subject.expertEnvironment and Pollution Prevention
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Control
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Technology
dc.subject.adbLand Development
dc.subject.adbForestry Development
dc.subject.adbFishery Development
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Statistics
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Planning
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Management
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Education
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Capacity
dc.subject.adbPollution Control
dc.subject.adbNature Protection
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Conservation
dc.subject.naturalAir quality indexes
dc.subject.naturalEcological risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental impact evaluation
dc.subject.naturalAnalysis of environmental impact
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental toxicology
dc.subject.naturalHealth risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalRain and rainfall
dc.subject.naturalAcid precipitation
dc.subject.naturalOzone-depleting substance mitigation
dc.subject.naturalGreenhouse gas mitigation
dc.subject.naturalPrevention of pollution
dc.subject.naturalAir quality
dc.subject.naturalAir quality management
dc.subject.naturalPollution
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volumeNo. 348
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.themeEnvironment
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic Republic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryMicronesia, Federated States of
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryChina, People’s Republic of
oar.countryHong Kong, China
oar.countryChina, People’s Republic of
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.dep.sourceADBI
oar.identifierOAR-002332
oar.authorHowes, Stephen
oar.authorWyrwoll, Paul
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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