Greenhouse Gas Inventories for Urban Operations in Southeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunities
Sandhu, Sonia Chand; Kamal, Sameer A. | June 2015
This paper discusses the challenges, opportunities, and basic steps associated with estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) for projects in the urban sector, and documenting these as part of GHG inventories for cities. It addresses how conducting GHG inventories enables cities to establish baselines for result-specific solutions on environment sustainability and climate change, anchored to the environment pillars of economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability, and equity (3E) strategy of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Urban Operational Plan and the GrEEEn Cities Operational Framework. 1 It also discusses the importance of GHG inventories to serve as platforms for cross-sector planning and decision making for urban operations. ADB’s Long-Term Strategic Framework (Strategy 2020)2 and its recently concluded Midterm Review of Strategy 2020 (MTR)3 includes key actions that the ADB will undertake as part of its strategic focus on environment and climate change. To monitor progress on environmental mitigation impacts by reducing carbon in its operations, ADB should document GHG impacts in its projects. This is particularly true in the urban sector, as cities are major contributors to GHG emissions and climate change. In this respect, the GHG inventory is an effective tool that can be considered for ADB projects. Estimating GHG emissions for specific urban infrastructure projects and documenting these as part of a comprehensive inventory for cities has not yet been fully mainstreamed in the urban sector in Southeast Asia. This is in part due to the unique and complex nature of the urban sector and interdependent activities within, in part due to the time and costs involved, and in part due to an expectation or perception that emission volumes from individual urban projects may be insignificant, particularly compared with other sectors such as energy or transportation. In spite of these challenges, there is a strong case, and a building global momentum, for documenting GHG emissions and developing GHG inventories for cities. Recent case studies provide evidence that GHG inventories enable cities to drive green investments, leverage and access climate financing (including from an evolving global carbon market), and raise public awareness. GHG inventories for cities are recommended for urban development projects that aim for comprehensive citywide planning and investments. GHG estimates for projects are recommended for those projects that have mitigation potential. There is significant opportunity for scaling up and replicating these activities in ADB’s urban operations in Southeast Asia.
CitationSandhu, Sonia Chand; Kamal, Sameer A.. 2015. Greenhouse Gas Inventories for Urban Operations in Southeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunities. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/9748.
Climate impacts assessment
Global climate change
Rural Development Projects
Rural Development Research
Soils and climate
Climate change mitigation
Communication in rural development
Rural enterprise zones
Rural manpower policy
Environment impact analysis
Carbon dioxide mitigationShow allCollapse