Potential Growth, Misallocation, and Institutional Obstacles: Firm-Level Evidence
León-Ledesma, Miguel | April 2016
One of the key determinants of potential growth are productivity gains. Total factor productivity (TFP) differences are the main determinant of per capita income differences between countries. A key factor to understand TFP is misallocation: the aggregate productivity loss from microeconomic distortions that prevent factors of production from being allocated to their optimal use. If misallocation is a key determinant of TFP differences, then reallocation of factors of production is a key driver of productivity gains. Since distortions preventing misallocation can be driven by institutional obstacles, then policies focused on the removal of these obstacles will affect potential growth. In this paper, we use a firm-level database for 62 developing countries to analyze which are the most important institutional obstacles driving misallocation. Our results highlight the importance of trade regulations, the functioning of courts, and access to finance as key determinants of misallocation within countries. Political instability, labor regulations, and access to infrastructure, appear as relevant obstacles explaining misallocation between countries.
CitationLeón-Ledesma, Miguel. 2016. Potential Growth, Misallocation, and Institutional Obstacles: Firm-Level Evidence. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/8812.
Trade And Development
Food Security And Trade
Regional development bank
Communication in rural development
Labor and globalization
Regional trading blocs
Foreign trade and employment
Foreign trade regulation