Agriculture in Johor : What’s Left?
Pakiam, Geoffrey Kevin | July 2018
For those living in Singapore or Peninsular Malaysia, accustomed to having fresh chicken eggs every other morning, chances are that your breakfast comes from one of 17 million broody hens raised in the Malaysian state of Johor. If this comes as a surprise, you are probably not alone. Most recent commentaries concerning Johor’s economic growth give the impression that agriculture is now a historical relic. The Iskandar Malaysia development project — accompanied by glittery real estate, oil and gas refining, complex manufacturing, mass tourism, and sophisticated healthcare offerings — now hogs the limelight. Indeed, even for field-leading scholarship on greater Malaysia’s economic development, agriculture has been conspicuous by its relative absence, sidelined by an overwhelming focus on manufacturing and services. This essay represents an initial attempt to redress this imbalance. I ask two basic questions: what is left of agriculture in Johor? And why? My argument is similarly direct: although agriculture’s share of Malaysian gross domestic product (GDP) and employment has fallen significantly, much remains, particularly in Johor. Amidst rapid urbanization and industrialization, agriculture’s economic contribution in Johor has actually held steady and witnessed resurgence over the past decade. Johor’s present-day agricultural strengths lie in oil palms, livestock farming, and certain forms of ornamental products. These agricultural activities are underlined both by high output and productivity relative to the rest of Malaysia. The clusters of trade networks and expertise underpinning these developments were already being developed in Johor prior to independence, and were given additional support from the 1960s onwards through policies linking industry with agriculture.
CitationPakiam, Geoffrey Kevin. 2018. Agriculture in Johor : What’s Left?. © ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/8601.
Agricultural And Rural Development
Asian Development Bank
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Organic dairy farming
New agricultural enterprises
Communication in rural development
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