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Solid Waste Management in India: An Assessment of Resource Recovery and Environmental Impact

dc.contributor.authorIsher Judge Ahluwalia
dc.contributor.authorUtkarsh Patel
dc.description.abstractThis study analyses the environmental and financial sustainability of solid waste management in Indian cities. It presents an assessment of the rapidly rising volume of municipal solid waste, its changing composition, the continuing practice of mixing biodegradable (wet) waste with dry waste at the source of generation, and the growing volume of plastic in the waste. The present system is focused on collection and transportation of largely mixed unsegregated waste. Resource recovery from the waste and safe disposal of the residual waste in scientifically designed landfills are grossly neglected. Rules have now been put in place for sustainable solid waste management, but the capacity to plan and manage the system and ensure the enforcement of the rules is a major challenge. The inability to ensure segregation of waste comes in the way of proper recycling, effective functioning of biomethanation plants, and also of safe operation of waste to energy plants which consequently leads to release of toxic pollutants into the atmosphere. Sites allocated for landfills are used as open dumping sites where far too much waste is dumped without resource recovery, generating leachate and methane gas. This study also presents the sources of greenhouse gas emissions from the solid waste sector. Besides presenting some mitigation choices to respond to the growing challenge, it also suggests mechanisms for ensuring that the system is financially sustainable.
dc.publisherIndian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
dc.titleSolid Waste Management in India: An Assessment of Resource Recovery and Environmental Impact
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertWastewater Treatment
dc.subject.expertWater Treatment
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Regulation
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Impact Assessment
dc.subject.expertEnvironment and Pollution Prevention
dc.subject.expertContaminated Water
dc.subject.expertGroundwater Protection
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Wastewater
dc.subject.expertWastewater Treatment
dc.subject.expertWastewater Collection
dc.subject.expertWater Pollution Control
dc.subject.adbPollution Indexes
dc.subject.adbPollution Control
dc.subject.adbWaste Disposal
dc.subject.adbWaste recycling
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Health Water
dc.subject.adbSanitation services wastes
dc.subject.adbIndustrial Pollution
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental compliances costs
dc.subject.naturalEcological risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental impact evaluation
dc.subject.naturalPrevention of pollution
dc.subject.naturalLocal government and environmental policy
dc.subject.naturalLiability for water pollution damages
dc.subject.naturalPollution control industry
dc.subject.naturalIndustrial waste
dc.subject.naturalDomestic wastewater
dc.title.seriesICRIER Working Paper
dc.title.volumeNo. 356
dc.contributor.imprintIndian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
oar.adminregionSouth Asia Region
oar.authorAhluwalia, Isher Judge
oar.authorPatel, Utkarsh

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