Addressing Cyberspace Vulnerability: The ASEAN and the Philippines
Parcon, RJ Marco Lorenzo C. | February 2017
As early as the 1990s, the increasing risk and vulnerability of cyberspace was highlighted when a group of hackers known as L0pht issued a warning that computers’ software and hardware and the connection that link computers together were not safe to use and were vulnerable to hacks. The group also stated that these problems would persist if governments and tech corporations do nothing to minimize and protect citizens from being exploited in cyberspace. More than ten years after L0pht’s warning, internet security remains to be a problem. The advent of the worldwide web has not only eased social connectivity, but has also lowered transaction costs in various ways. The internet has fostered globalization, with 40.7 per 100 people in 2014 having access to the internet worldwide. The continued increase in internet usage, however, also increased the social and political vulnerabilities of people and the state, a serious problem that transcends borders.
CitationParcon, RJ Marco Lorenzo C.. 2017. Addressing Cyberspace Vulnerability: The ASEAN and the Philippines. © Center for International Relations and Strategic Studies. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/6934.
Results-Based Monitoring And Evaluation
Public Policy Evaluation
Project Evaluation & Review Technique
Corporate Governance Reform
Decentralization in government
Cumulative effects assessment
Human rights and globalization
Political developmentShow allCollapse