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The People’s Republic of China’s Import Competition and Skill Demand in Japanese Manufacturing

dc.contributor.authorNobuaki Yamashita
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the hypothesis that manufacturing industries in Japan that have been exposed to import competition from the People’s Republic of China (PRC) experience greater skill upgrading (increased demand for skilled workers). Using an industry panel dataset over the period 1980–2010, we exploit variations of worker skill categories by occupation, paired with detailed information and communication technology investment data in the employment share regression. We find that while the PRC’s comparative advantages in exports have shifted from labor-intensive to more capital-intensive products, this has not resulted in substituting skilled workers in Japanese manufacturing. Rather, it has had the profound positive effect of raising overall demand for skilled workers. Most of the competition effects were felt among production workers, leaving middle-skilled workers largely unaffected.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.titleThe People’s Republic of China’s Import Competition and Skill Demand in Japanese Manufacturing
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertEconomic development
dc.subject.expertStandard of living
dc.subject.expertTrade development
dc.subject.expertPerformance appraisal
dc.subject.expertNeeds assessment
dc.subject.expertInput output analysis|ADB
dc.subject.expertPerformance appraisal
dc.subject.expertProject failure
dc.subject.expertProject impact
dc.subject.expertProject appraisal
dc.subject.expertCareer development
dc.subject.expertVocational training
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Challenges
dc.subject.adbAsian Development Bank
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Management
dc.subject.adbSkills Development
dc.subject.adbPerformance Evaluation
dc.subject.adbEvaluation Methods
dc.subject.adbJob Evaluation
dc.subject.adbStaff Development
dc.subject.naturalLabor policy
dc.subject.naturalManpower policy
dc.subject.naturalCareer development
dc.subject.naturalJob analysis
dc.subject.naturalParticipative management
dc.subject.naturalGrievance procedures
dc.subject.naturalVocational guidance
dc.subject.naturalLabor policy
dc.subject.naturalRural manpower policy
dc.subject.naturalCareer development
dc.subject.naturalApplications for positions
dc.subject.naturalAffirmative action programs
dc.subject.naturalLabor turnover
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Papers
dc.title.volumeno. 644
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.authorYamashita, Nobuaki

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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