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Urbanization and Rural Development in the People's Republic of China

dc.contributor.authorZhao Chen
dc.contributor.authorMing Lu
dc.contributor.authorPengtu Ni
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents research findings on how urbanization enhances productivity and economic growth in both urban and rural sectors. Through agglomeration effects, employment opportunities and income levels can largely increase. In addition, the mechanisms of sharing, matching, and learning are much stronger in cities, especially large cities. However, in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), urbanization lags far behind industrialization. Institutional barriers against rural-to-urban and interregional migration, such as the hukou system, have reduced the ability of urban growth to absorb rural labor. As for rural development, urbanization has propelled agricultural productivity, rural income, and consumption levels. Moreover, agricultural productivity is driven to a large extent by capital accumulation, through capital deepening and remittance. Agricultural organizations, urbanization, and outflow of migrant workers make it possible for large-scale production and agricultural mechanization to occur.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.titleUrbanization and Rural Development in the People's Republic of China
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertEconomic development
dc.subject.expertSustainable growth
dc.subject.expertEconomic development
dc.subject.expertUrban Plans
dc.subject.expertUrban agriculture
dc.subject.expertRural Urban Migration
dc.subject.adbSustainable Development
dc.subject.adbUrban Area
dc.subject.adbUrban Areas
dc.subject.adbUrban Population
dc.subject.adbUrban Services
dc.subject.adbUrban Projects
dc.subject.adbUrban Problems
dc.subject.adbUrban Poverty
dc.subject.adbUrban Policy
dc.subject.adbUrban Planning
dc.subject.adbUrban Infrastructure
dc.subject.adbUrban Health
dc.subject.adbUrban Government
dc.subject.adbUrban Economic Development
dc.subject.adbUrban Development Finance
dc.subject.adbUrban Development
dc.subject.adbUrban Conditions
dc.subject.adbUrban Communities
dc.subject.adbUrban Population
dc.subject.naturalSustainable development
dc.subject.naturalLocal government
dc.subject.naturalUrban renewal
dc.subject.naturalUrban housing
dc.subject.naturalUrban sociology
dc.subject.naturalTransit systems
dc.subject.naturalRapid transit
dc.subject.naturalPublic transit
dc.subject.naturalMass transit
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volumeNo. 596
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.authorChen, Zhao
oar.authorLu, Ming
oar.authorNi, Pengtu
oar.gsauthorZhao Chen
oar.gsauthorMing Lu
oar.gsauthorPengtu Ni

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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