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Track Record of Financial Institutions in Assisting the Poor in Asia

dc.contributor.authorRichard L. Meyer
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-29T14:29:20Z
dc.date.available2015-04-29T14:29:20Z
dc.date.issued2002-12-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/4154
dc.description.abstractMajor investments have been made in developing microfinance in Asia with reducing poverty as one of the frequently stated objectives. A variety of institutional forms of microfinance are being introduced in the region including by the ADBand financial institutions pursue different objectives, so it is difficult to assess how well microfinance is actually contributing to poverty alleviation. There is little systematic data available on which to make global or regional generalizations. The objective of this paper is to provide some insights into how well the industry is performing by summarizing and evaluating key studies and data for the region. A critical triangle of microfinances, including outreach, sustainability and impact, is used as the conceptual framework to organize the presentation. Criteria are defined for these three objectives and methodological problems are discussed for each. Evaluating impact presents the most serious empirical challenge. The results reveal that outreach is quite impressive, especially in Bangladesh and Indonesia. Millions of poor households in the region are now receiving formal financial services because of the expansion of microfinance. Financial sustainability, however, is an important problem facing the industry in most countries. Many microfinance institutions still depend on government and donor subsidies for their existence. The impact studies reviewed reported some positive benefits but they vary by gender, type of program and country. Several implications of these findings for microfinance institutions and decision makers are discussed.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.titleTrack Record of Financial Institutions in Assisting the Poor in Asia
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertEconomic Development
dc.subject.expertEconomic Infrastructure
dc.subject.expertEconomic Policies
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Development
dc.subject.expertMicrofinance Programs
dc.subject.expertPublic Finance
dc.subject.expertLocal Financing
dc.subject.expertFinancial Stability
dc.subject.expertFinancial Sector Regulation
dc.subject.adbEnterprises
dc.subject.adbFinancial aid
dc.subject.adbEconomies in transition
dc.subject.adbLocal Finance
dc.subject.adbLocal Government
dc.subject.adbInsurance Companies
dc.subject.adbBanks
dc.subject.adbSocial Equity
dc.subject.naturalSocial responsibility of business
dc.subject.naturalAccounting
dc.subject.naturalPersonal budgets
dc.subject.naturalCost and standard of living
dc.subject.naturalBank accounts
dc.subject.naturalCredit control
dc.subject.naturalRegulatory reform
dc.subject.naturalBanks and banking
dc.title.seriesResearch Paper Series
dc.title.volume49
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeEconomics
oar.themeFinance
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-004653
oar.authorMeyer, Richard L.
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • ADBI Research Paper Series
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) research paper series disseminate selected work in progress to facilitate an exchange of ideas within academic and policy communities. An objective of the series is to circulate primary findings promptly, regardless of the degree of finish. ADBI’s activities are guided by its three strategic priority themes of inclusive and sustainable growth, regional cooperation and integration, and governance for policies and institutions.

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