Do Foreign Companies Conduct R&Din Developing Countries?
Amsden, Alice H.; Tschang, Ted; Goto, Akira | March 2001
Multinational companies tend to conduct little research and development (R&D) outside their homebase, especially in developing countries. Singapore represents an anomaly because its multinationalfirms are reputed to undertake locally not only R&D but applied and possibly even basic research.Nevertheless, short of hearsay or peering over the shoulder of a researcher, there is no systematic orobjective way to determine from outside whether or not the classification of any given R&D effort iscorrect.This paper tries to create a system for determining the content level of R&D. Giventraditional R&D types (pure science, basic research, applied research, exploratory development oradvanced development), it introduces a new comprehensive taxonomy of R&D characteristics, suchthat variations in a characteristic behave systematically according to R&D type. The characteristicswe explore are: the search and objective of an R&D investment; its intended output; its time frame; themeasures of performance to which it is subject; the techniques employed by its researchers; their skillsand qualifications; and the overall size of an R&D investment. The empirical determination of thesecharacteristics does not require any infringement of a laboratory’s intellectual property.
CitationAmsden, Alice H.; Tschang, Ted; Goto, Akira. 2001. Do Foreign Companies Conduct R&Din Developing Countries?. © Asian Development Bank Institute. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/4119. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Comprehensive Development Framework
Millennium Development Goals
Capital Market Development
Financial Sector Development
World Development Indicators
Input output analysis
Communication in rural development
Communication in community development
Endowment of research
Economic development projects
Participatory monitoring and evaluation
Economic forecastingShow allCollapse
MetadataShow full item record
Users also downloaded
Hanushek, Eric A.; Link, Susanne; Woessmann, Ludger (Asian Development Bank, 2012-01-01)"Decentralization of decision making is among the most intriguing recent school reforms, in part because countries went in opposite directions over the past decade and because prior evidence is inconclusive. We suggest that autonomy may be conducive to student achievement in well-developed systems but detrimental in low-performing systems. We construct a panel dataset from the one million students ..."Decentralization of decision making is among the most intriguing recent school reforms, in part because countries went in opposite directions over the past decade and because prior evidence is inconclusive. We suggest that autonomy may be conducive ...