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Foreign Direct Investment and the Survival of Domestic Private Firms in Viet Nam

dc.contributor.authorAri Kokko
dc.contributor.authorTran Toan Thang
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-29T14:29:08Z
dc.date.available2015-04-29T14:29:08Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-30
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/4107
dc.description.abstractForeign direct investment (FDI) may benefit local firms in the host country through various kinds of spillovers, but it may also raise competition and result in the crowding out of domestic firms. Using detailed firm-level data for the period 2001–2008, this paper examines the aggregate effect of FDI on the survival of domestic private firms in Viet Nam. We estimate the impact of both horizontal and vertical FDI and explore howthe presence of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) influences the exit hazard for private firms. The results suggest that horizontal and upstream FDI raise the exit hazard significantly, while downstream FDI may reduce the hazard. The presence of SOEs has a direct negative effect on the survival odds of local private firms in the same industry, but there is also an indirect impact on the exit hazard from FDI. Local firms are more vulnerable to foreign entry in sectors with high SOE shares. Looking at the net effects of FDI during the period 2001–2008, we find that results vary between sectors and over time but that the overall impact has been surprising small. The paper also discusses policy conclusions and implications for empirical analyses of spillovers from FDI.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.titleForeign Direct Investment and the Survival of Domestic Private Firms in Viet Nam
dc.typeReports
dc.subject.expertEconomic Development
dc.subject.expertEconomic Infrastructure
dc.subject.expertEconomic Policies
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Development
dc.subject.expertMicrofinance Programs
dc.subject.expertPublic Finance
dc.subject.expertLocal Financing
dc.subject.expertFinancial Stability
dc.subject.expertFinancial Sector Regulation
dc.subject.adbEnterprises
dc.subject.adbFinancial aid
dc.subject.adbEconomies in transition
dc.subject.adbLocal Finance
dc.subject.adbLocal Government
dc.subject.adbInsurance Companies
dc.subject.adbBanks
dc.subject.adbSocial Equity
dc.subject.naturalSocial responsibility of business
dc.subject.naturalAccounting
dc.subject.naturalPersonal budgets
dc.subject.naturalCost and standard of living
dc.subject.naturalBank accounts
dc.subject.naturalCredit control
dc.subject.naturalRegulatory reform
dc.subject.naturalBanks and banking
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeEconomics
oar.themeFinance
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.identifierOAR-004596
oar.authorKokko, Ari
oar.authorThang, Tran Toan
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • Asian Development Review
    The Asian Development Review (ADR) is a professional journal for disseminating the results of economic and development research relevant to Asia and the Pacific. Since 1983, the ADR has been an important part of the history of the Asian Development Bank and its mission to reduce poverty across Asia and the Pacific.

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