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Development in North East People's Republic of China

dc.contributor.authorJohn Weiss
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-29T14:28:55Z
dc.date.available2015-04-29T14:28:55Z
dc.date.issued2006-06-30
dc.identifier.issn1882-6717
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/4065
dc.description.abstractSince the government announced the Revitalise the North East policy in 2002 there has been a new focus to regional policy following on from the previous, but continuing, Develop the West policy. For a variety of historical reasons the three provinces of North East China, Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning, also known collectively as Inner Manchuria or Dongbei pose quite different challenges for regional policy as compared with the backward Western provinces. The North East is the old heavy industry centre of the country and as such retains a strong SOE presence. In the post war period initially with Soviet aid it became the part of the People’s Republic of China (henceforth PRC) that most closely resembled the Soviet Union in industrial organization and production structure with a focus on heavy industry and mineral exploitation. Its share of national industrial output in 1940 was as much as one third. This fell to 17% in 1978 at the beginning of the reforms to less than 10% in 2004. Historically the region has not been poor by national standards. In terms of GDP per capita Heilongjiang and Liaoning were among the richest provinces in 1978. This position has been eroded over time with the fast growth in the coastal provinces, but in 2004 GDP per capita was about a third above the national average and twice the figure in the poorer Western provinces. The disparity within the north-east can be seen from the fact that the province of Liaoning has a per capita income more than 50% above Jilin and roughly 20% above Heilonjiang.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.titleDevelopment in North East People's Republic of China
dc.typeBriefs
dc.subject.expertEconomic Crisis
dc.subject.expertEconomic Efficiency
dc.subject.expertEconomic Policies
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Development
dc.subject.expertJob Evaluation
dc.subject.expertEvaluation
dc.subject.adbCrisis
dc.subject.adbUnemployment
dc.subject.adbEconomic cooperation
dc.subject.adbGross domestic product
dc.subject.adbEmployment
dc.subject.adbEconomic forecast
dc.subject.naturalFinancial crisis
dc.subject.naturalLabor economics
dc.subject.naturalRegional economics
dc.subject.naturalTurnover
dc.subject.naturalEconomic survey
dc.subject.naturalJob analysis
dc.subject.naturalLabor turnover
dc.title.seriesResearch Policy Brief
dc.title.volume19
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeEconomics
oar.themeEvaluation
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-004713
oar.authorWeiss, John
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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