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Paths to a Reserve Currency: Internationalization of the Renminbi and Its Implications

dc.contributor.authorYiping Huang
dc.contributor.authorDaili Wang
dc.contributor.authorGang Fan
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-10T10:17:34Z
dc.date.available2015-04-10T10:17:34Z
dc.date.issued2014-05-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/3978
dc.description.abstractIn this paper we try to address the question of what could help make the renminbi a reserve currency. In recent years, the authorities in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) have made efforts to internationalize its currency through a two-track strategy: promotion of the use of the renminbi in the settlement of cross-border trade and investment, and liberalization of the capital account. We find that if we use only the quantitative measures of the economy, the predicted share of the renminbi in global reserves could reach 12%. However, if institutional and market variables are included, the predicted share comes down to around 2%, which is a more realistic prediction. By reviewing experiences of other reserve currencies, we propose a three-factor approach for the PRC authorities to promote the international role of the renminbi: (i) increasing the opportunities of using renminbi in the international community, which requires relatively rapid growth of the PRC economy and continuous liberalization of trade and investment; (ii) improving the ease of using renminbi, which requires depth, sophistication, and liquidity of financial markets; and (iii) strengthening confidence of using renminbi, which requires more transparent monetary policy making, a more independent legal system, and some political reforms. In general, we believe that the renminbi’s international role should increase in the coming years, but it will take a relatively long period before it plays the role of a global reserve currency.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titlePaths to a Reserve Currency: Internationalization of the Renminbi and Its Implications
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Economics
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Development
dc.subject.expertEconomic Impact
dc.subject.expertAsian Development Bank
dc.subject.expertDevelopment
dc.subject.expertEconomic Boom
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Integration
dc.subject.expertGood Governance
dc.subject.expertGovernance Approach
dc.subject.adbEconomic planning
dc.subject.adbEconomic structure
dc.subject.adbGrowth policy
dc.subject.adbTrade relations
dc.subject.adbTrade policy
dc.subject.adbTrade policy
dc.subject.adbEconomic development
dc.subject.adbEconomies in transition
dc.subject.adbInternational economy
dc.subject.adbBorder integration
dc.subject.adbEconomic integration
dc.subject.adbGross domestic product
dc.subject.adbTrade policy
dc.subject.adbInstitutional Framework
dc.subject.adbPublic Administration
dc.subject.adbBusiness Ethics
dc.subject.naturalRegional economics
dc.subject.naturalEconomic forecasting
dc.subject.naturalEconomic development projects
dc.subject.naturalSuccess in business
dc.subject.naturalBusiness
dc.subject.naturalFree trade
dc.subject.naturalBusiness
dc.subject.naturalEconomics
dc.subject.naturalCommunication in economic development
dc.subject.naturalRestraint of trade
dc.subject.naturalInternational economic integration
dc.subject.naturalTrade blocs
dc.subject.naturalEast-West trade
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volume482
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeEconomics
oar.themeGovernance
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-004001
oar.authorHuang, Yiping
oar.authorWang, Daili
oar.authorFan, Gang
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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