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Economic and Political Transitions from Premodern to Modern States in the Meiji Restoration and Xinhai Revolution: A Strategic Approach

dc.contributor.authorMasahiko Aoki
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-10T10:17:33Z
dc.date.available2015-04-10T10:17:33Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/3975
dc.description.abstractEconomists often identify a reduction in the share of agricultural employment as a quantitative indication of the economic growth of nations. But this process did not occur in earnest in the People’s Republic of China until the 1980s and to some extent in Japan until well into the mid-20th century. Were extractive political regimes, commonly regarded as the primary drivers of economic performance, solely responsible for the lateness of these developments? This paper deals with this question from a strategic perspective by examining the interactions between the polity and the economy in both countries. It begins by characterizing the complementary nature of the peasant-based economy and the agrarian-tax state in premodern China and Japan. It then describes how endogenous strategic forces evolved from among the intermediate organizations in each country to challenge the incumbent dynastic ruler in response to the commercialization of the peasantbased economy on one hand and the fiscal and military weakening of the agrarian-tax state on the other. The paper then introduces a three-person game model between a ruler and two challenging organizations, and derives conditions for multiple equilbria and their comparative static. The analytical results help to identify the endogenous strategic forces that led the Meiji Restoration and the Xinhai Revolution to move from a premodern state of play to nation-state building and modern economic regimes in each country.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titleEconomic and Political Transitions from Premodern to Modern States in the Meiji Restoration and Xinhai Revolution: A Strategic Approach
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertAgriculture
dc.subject.expertAgricultural Trade
dc.subject.expertTrade
dc.subject.expertTrade Barriers
dc.subject.expertTrade Facilitation
dc.subject.expertSustainable agriculture
dc.subject.expertCommercial agriculture
dc.subject.expertTrade Negotiations
dc.subject.expertTrade Development
dc.subject.expertTrade And Development
dc.subject.expertRegional TradAgreements
dc.subject.expertAgricultural Trade
dc.subject.expertAgriculture Trade Liberalization
dc.subject.adbAgricultural trade
dc.subject.adbAgricultural investment
dc.subject.adbAgricultural economy
dc.subject.adbAgricultural products
dc.subject.adbImport volume
dc.subject.adbExport volume
dc.subject.adbTariff negotiations
dc.subject.adbRegional integration
dc.subject.adbTrade regulations
dc.subject.adbAgricultural market
dc.subject.adbAgricultural economy
dc.subject.naturalFood
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural resource
dc.subject.naturalFarm produce
dc.subject.naturalNatural products in agriculture
dc.subject.naturalPlant products industry
dc.subject.naturalNew agricultural enterprises
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural industry
dc.subject.naturalForeign trade and employment
dc.subject.naturalPerishable goods
dc.subject.naturalConsumer goods
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural products
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural industry
dc.subject.naturalFood industry
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volume486
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeAgriculture
oar.themeTrade
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-004004
oar.authorAoki, Masahiko
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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