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Asian Monetary Unit and Monetary Cooperation in Asia

dc.contributor.authorEiji Ogawa
dc.contributor.authorJunko Shimizu
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-10T10:17:09Z
dc.date.available2015-04-10T10:17:09Z
dc.date.issued2011-04-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/3863
dc.description.abstractRegional monetary and financial cooperation in Asia has been discussed for years. To move towards a coordinated exchange rate policy, Ogawa and Shimizu (2005) proposed both an Asian Monetary Unit (AMU), which is a common currency basket computed as a weighted average of the thirteen ASEAN+3 currencies, and AMU Deviation Indicators (AMU DIs), which indicates the deviation of each Asian currency in terms of the AMU compared with the benchmark rate. The AMU and the AMU DIs are considered both as surveillance measures under the Chiang Mai Initiative and as benchmarks for coordinated exchange rate policies among Asian countries. In this paper, the authors show that monitoring the AMU and the AMU DIs plays an important role in the regional surveillance process under the Chiang Mai Initiative. By using daily and monthly data of AMU and AMU DIs for the period from January 2000 to June 2010, which are available from the website of the Research Institute of Economy, Trade, and Industry (RIETI), they examine their usefulness as a surveillance indicator. Our studies of AMU and AMU DIs confirm the following: first, an AMU peg system stabilizes the nominal effective exchange rate (NEER) of each Asian country. Second, the AMU and the AMU DIs could signal overvaluation or undervaluation for each of the Asian currencies. Third, trade imbalances within the region have been growing as the AMU DIs have been widening. Fourth, the AMU DIs could predict huge capital inflows and outflows for each Asian country. The above findings support the usefulness of using the AMU and the AMU DIs as surveillance indicators for monetary cooperation in Asia.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titleAsian Monetary Unit and Monetary Cooperation in Asia
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertDevelopment
dc.subject.expertFinance
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Challenges
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Issues
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Problems
dc.subject.expertMicroenterprises Finance
dc.subject.expertCommercial Finance Companies
dc.subject.expertEnterprise Financing
dc.subject.expertFinancial Analysis
dc.subject.expertBanking Finance And Investment
dc.subject.adbADB
dc.subject.adbProject finance
dc.subject.adbDevelopment plans
dc.subject.adbStrategic planning
dc.subject.adbBusiness Financing
dc.subject.adbInvestment Requirements
dc.subject.adbInsurance Companies
dc.subject.adbInternational Monetary Relations
dc.subject.adbInternational Financial Market
dc.subject.adbExchange Rate
dc.subject.naturalInsurers
dc.subject.naturalInsurance stocks
dc.subject.naturalInsurance holding companies
dc.subject.naturalInsurance carriers
dc.subject.naturalInsurance agencies
dc.subject.naturalBusiness subsidies
dc.subject.naturalInvestment companies
dc.subject.naturalInternational banks and banking
dc.subject.naturalStock exchanges
dc.subject.naturalGrants
dc.subject.naturalLoans
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volume275
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeDevelopment
oar.themeFinance
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-004112
oar.authorOgawa, Eiji
oar.authorShimizu, Junko
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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