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The Impact of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) on Business in the Republic of Korea

dc.contributor.authorInkyo Cheong
dc.contributor.authorJungran Cho
dc.description.abstractThe Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea) continues to promote an open-trade system via the conclusion of free trade agreements (FTAs), arguing that Korean enterprises will obtain considerable business opportunities under the FTAs the government has implemented. However, the FTAs that are currently being implemented in Korea are said to be beneficial only to some enterprises. This study presents new evidence from a survey conducted from July–August 2008 on 120 Korean firms. The paper explores critical questions regarding the utilization of FTAs, their perceived costs and benefits, perceptions of multiple rules of origin (ROOs), and policy and institutional support mechanisms for FTAs. One of the key findings is that most of the currently implemented FTAs in Korea were concluded with small- and medium-sized developing countries. Moreover, within these FTAs, the range of preferential tariffs is not very broad in scope; as such, only one out of five enterprises was found to be utilizing them. However, since the conclusion of FTAs with the United States and the European Union, Korean businesses have become very interested in utilizing those respective FTAs. The government should make efforts for early implementation of these FTAs. In the FTAs concluded by Korea, ROOs are strict and complicated. In future FTAs, a more neutral and lenient form of ROOs should be adopted.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titleThe Impact of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) on Business in the Republic of Korea
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertTrade Facilitation
dc.subject.expertEconomic integration
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Integration
dc.subject.expertFree Trade
dc.subject.expertTrade Agreements
dc.subject.expertTrade Policy
dc.subject.expertEconomic Development
dc.subject.expertInternational Economics
dc.subject.expertIntraregional Trade
dc.subject.adbEconomic planning
dc.subject.adbEconomic structure
dc.subject.adbGrowth policy
dc.subject.adbTrade relations
dc.subject.adbTrade policy
dc.subject.adbTrade policy
dc.subject.adbEconomic development
dc.subject.naturalRegional economics
dc.subject.naturalEconomic forecasting
dc.subject.naturalEconomic development projects
dc.subject.naturalSuccess in business
dc.subject.naturalFree trade
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.authorCheong, Inkyo
oar.authorCho, Jungran

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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