What Is the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Banking System in East Asia?
Pomerleano, Michael | August 2009
I analyze the risks in the banking systems in East Asia using the standard supervisory framework, which assesses capital adequacy, asset quality, management, earnings, and liquidity (CAMEL), I find that banking systems in the region are sound, but that the short-term outlook is negative. Second, I review the measures introduced in Asian countries to support their banking systems. The main bank support measures—direct capital support, removal and guarantees of bad assets, direct liquidity support, and guarantees for banks' existing or newly issued obligations—might be necessary to ensure stability, but they need to be handled carefully to prevent long-term distortions. It remains to be seen whether Asian policymakers will manage skillfully the lifting of bank support measures. Third, I conduct stress tests of the banking systems. The stress tests indicate that the largest banking systems in East Asia have a total of almost US$1.2 trillion in Tier 1 capital and a possible shortfall of US$758 billion. Fourth, I assess the implications for liquidity of the increase in international banking flows and find that the banking system in the Republic of Korea appears vulnerable to a reversal of capital flows. Fifth, I explore the implications of the crisis for credit formation, assessing whether nonbank financial institutions in the region have the capacity to provide sufficient liquidity. I conclude that they do not. The paper ends with a brief assessment of the impact of the crisis on the corporate sector, concluding that the effects of the crisis are likely to be significant but manageable.
CitationPomerleano, Michael. 2009. What Is the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Banking System in East Asia?. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/3734. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Regional Economic Development
Financial Sector Regulation
Economies in transition
Social responsibility of business
Cost and standard of living
Banks and bankingShow allCollapse
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