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The Impact of Rural Infrastructure and Agricultural Support Services on Poverty: The Case of Agrarian Reform Communities in the Philippines

dc.contributor.authorSununtar Setboonsarng
dc.description.abstractRural poverty remains one of the biggest challenges in development. It is generally recognized that land reform, in combination with complementary support services and infrastructure development, is effective in reducing rural poverty; however, empirical evidence on the extent of the impacts is limited as are the pathways by which the impacts reach the beneficiaries. This study assesses the impacts of rural infrastructure and supported services provided by the Agrarian Reform Communities Project (ARCP) and financed jointly by the Government of the Philippines and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Using data from the same 2,290 agrarian reform beneficiaries’ households from two periods, 2001 and 2003, the study found that average annual income increased by 12%. Ownership of both household and production assets increased significantly. Among the project interventions, farm-to-market roads appeared to have the most significant impact on the communities. The benefits of the project interventions, however, were disproportionately captured by the wealthier households, resulting in worsened income distribution in the communities. In the transformation from labor use to more mechanized modes of production and transportation, the poor, i.e., the wage laborers, generally lose out, at least temporarily. Future interventions in rural infrastructure provisions should include measures to assist the poor to increase their capacity to capture the new employment opportunities generated by development interventions.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titleThe Impact of Rural Infrastructure and Agricultural Support Services on Poverty: The Case of Agrarian Reform Communities in the Philippines
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertFinancial Sector Reform
dc.subject.expertFinancial Reform
dc.subject.expertFinancial Policy
dc.subject.expertRural Poverty
dc.subject.expertEconomic Development and Finance
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Financing
dc.subject.adbBusiness Financing
dc.subject.adbInvestment Requirements
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Banks
dc.subject.adbSocial Equity
dc.subject.adbRural Development
dc.subject.adbRural Conditions
dc.subject.adbRural Sociology
dc.subject.adbEconomic and Social Development
dc.subject.adbIncome Generation
dc.subject.naturalInvestment Requirements
dc.subject.naturalDevelopment Banks
dc.subject.naturalProject Impact
dc.subject.naturalFinancial Aspects
dc.subject.naturalRural Development
dc.subject.naturalRural Conditions
dc.subject.naturalIncome Generation
dc.subject.naturalEconomic and Social Development
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.authorSetboonsarng, Sununtar

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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