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Organic Crops or Energy Crops? Options for Rural Development in Cambodia and the Lao People's Democratic Republic

dc.contributor.authorAnil Markandya
dc.contributor.authorSununtar Setboonsarng
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the prospects for organic agriculture (OA) and the production of biofuels as strategies for rural development in Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). Both agricultural activities are growing worldwide, although there are some questions as to how effective they are, environmentally and socially. These questions are discussed in the first part of the paper. The second part looks in detail at the potential for OA and biofuels in the two countries. The benefits of both activities in terms of poverty reduction and environmental sustainability to developing countries such as Cambodia and the Lao PDR are likely to be significant, although the full extent of that is subject to market access (particularly for organic foods) and the costs of certification. Poverty impacts appear to be greater for OA than for biofuel but since the growing areas do not generally overlap, both could be promoted. Since the present agricultural environment in both countries is generally regarded as ‘clean’ with a low level of chemical inputs, production of safe food for a high-value market may be a preferred strategy than to intensify agriculture through conventional methods and compete with more developed countries. Assistance from external organizations in overcoming challenges will be critical for the success of any programs to promote both OA and biofuels.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titleOrganic Crops or Energy Crops? Options for Rural Development in Cambodia and the Lao People's Democratic Republic
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertHealth Impacts
dc.subject.expertPublic Health
dc.subject.expertSustainable agriculture
dc.subject.expertCommercial agriculture
dc.subject.expertPublic Health Care
dc.subject.expertEducation, Health and Social Protection
dc.subject.expertAccess to Health Services
dc.subject.expertHealth Aspects of Poverty
dc.subject.expertHealth Objectives
dc.subject.adbAgricultural education
dc.subject.adbSustainable development
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental management
dc.subject.adbDisease Control
dc.subject.adbPrenatal Care
dc.subject.adbSafety Education
dc.subject.adbWater Quality
dc.subject.adbAnimal Diseases
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural diversification
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural resource
dc.subject.naturalFarm produce
dc.subject.naturalRice farming
dc.subject.naturalSoil science
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural information network
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural landscape management
dc.subject.naturalFarm management
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural innovations
dc.subject.naturalTechnological innovations
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural processing industry
dc.subject.naturalAlternative agriculture
dc.subject.naturalOrganic dairy farming
dc.subject.naturalOrganic floriculture
dc.subject.naturalOrganic viticulture
dc.subject.naturalProduce trade
dc.subject.naturalOrganic gardening
dc.subject.naturalInternational competition
dc.subject.naturalCommercial policy
dc.subject.naturalInternational trade
dc.subject.naturalFarm population
dc.subject.naturalAgricultural population
dc.subject.naturalHealth of workers
dc.subject.naturalCost of medical care
dc.subject.naturalPrevention of disease
dc.subject.naturalHealth status indicators
dc.subject.naturalFood Supply
dc.subject.naturalFarm supply industry
dc.subject.naturalProduce trade
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.countryLao People's Democratic Republic
oar.authorMarkandya, Anil
oar.authorSetboonsarng, Sununtar

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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