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Post-Tsunami Recovery: Issues and Challenges in Sri Lanka

dc.contributor.authorSisira Jayasuriya
dc.contributor.authorPaul Steele
dc.contributor.authorDushni Weerakoon
dc.description.abstractThe tsunami of December 26 2004 left Sri Lanka with over 30,000 people dead, several hundred thousand displaced, and massive damage to infrastructure and capital assets (estimated at around US$ 1 billion (4.5 per cent of GDP)) particularly in tourism and fisheries sectors. The medium-term financing needs were estimated to be around US$ 1.5-1.6 billion (7.5 per cent of GDP). It is expected to reduce 2005 GDP by around 0.5 - 1.0%. With no previous history of such disasters Sri Lanka was quite unprepared for the tsunami. But with a massive community response followed by government and international action, it was able to implement an initial relief effort that, in the circumstances can be termed a success Promised external assistance - a total of US$ 2.2 billion over the next 2-3 years - appeared to be more than adequate to cover reconstruction costs in full. But problems have emerged with relief payments, providing credit facilities, distribution of funds, coordination of reconstruction activities, and mismanagement of funds. Clearly the reconstruction phase poses complex and difficult challenges. Housing is the households’ main concern. Reconstruction and repairs have been hampered by the ‘no-build’ coastal buffer zone, cuts to relief payments and cost increases. Progress has been slow, uneven, and concentrated in the south and southeast, though the worst affected areas are in the east and northeast
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titlePost-Tsunami Recovery: Issues and Challenges in Sri Lanka
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Impact Assessment
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Health Hazards
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Guidelines
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Services
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Costs
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Conditions
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Action Plans
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Cleanup
dc.subject.expertProject Evaluation
dc.subject.expertProgram Evaluation
dc.subject.expertProject Evaluation & Review Technique
dc.subject.expertAgricultural and Environmental Sectors
dc.subject.expertProject Evaluation
dc.subject.expertProgram Evaluation
dc.subject.expertPerformance Evaluation
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Surveys
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Statistics
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Planning
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Management
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Education
dc.subject.adbNature Protection
dc.subject.adbLandscape Protection
dc.subject.adbProgram management
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental disasters
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental disasters
dc.subject.naturalOil spills prevention
dc.subject.naturalLife support systems
dc.subject.naturalGlobal environmental change
dc.subject.naturalExtreme environments
dc.subject.naturalEcological disturbances
dc.subject.naturalBalance of nature
dc.subject.naturalEcological risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalLand degradation
dc.subject.naturalGlacial erosion
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeSmall Medium Business
oar.adminregionSouth Asia Region
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.authorJayasuriya, Sisira
oar.authorSteele, Paul
oar.authorWeerakoon, Dushni

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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