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Poverty Targeting in the People’s Republic of China

dc.contributor.authorWang Sangui
dc.description.abstractThe People’s Republic of China (henceforth PRC) has achieved remarkable progress in rural poverty reduction since the beginning of the reform in later 1970s. Measured by the official poverty line, rural poor population was reduced from 250 million in 1978 to 80 million in 1993 and further to 28 million in 2002, or from 31 percent of the rural population to 3 percent. Two forces have made such progress possible: a) fast general economic growth and b) targeted poverty reduction programs. On the other hand, urban poverty has become a problem only since middle 1990s when the reform of the state owned enterprises (SOEs) was on high agenda of the central government and more and more SOE employees were laid off. Chinese government adopt a complete different approach in addressing urban unemployment and poverty. This paper summarizes targeting measures used in anti-poverty programs in PRC with the focus on rural poverty and the effectiveness of various poverty interventions.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titlePoverty Targeting in the People’s Republic of China
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertFinancial Sector Reform
dc.subject.expertFinancial Reform
dc.subject.expertFinancial Policy
dc.subject.expertRural Poverty
dc.subject.expertEconomic Development and Finance
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Financing
dc.subject.adbBusiness Financing
dc.subject.adbInvestment Requirements
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Banks
dc.subject.adbSocial Equity
dc.subject.adbRural Development
dc.subject.adbRural Conditions
dc.subject.adbRural Sociology
dc.subject.adbEconomic and Social Development
dc.subject.adbIncome Generation
dc.subject.naturalInvestment Requirements
dc.subject.naturalDevelopment Banks
dc.subject.naturalProject Impact
dc.subject.naturalFinancial Aspects
dc.subject.naturalRural Development
dc.subject.naturalRural Conditions
dc.subject.naturalIncome Generation
dc.subject.naturalEconomic and Social Development
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.authorSangui, Wang

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  • ADBI Working Papers
    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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