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Aspects of Urban Water and Sanitation in the Context of Rapid Urbanization in Developing Asia

dc.contributor.authorErnesto M Pernia
dc.contributor.authorStella LF Alabastro
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-18T12:25:38Z
dc.date.available2015-03-18T12:25:38Z
dc.date.issued1997-09-15
dc.identifier.issn0117-0511
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/3059
dc.description.abstractThe problem of access to urban water and sanitation services is be-coming all too obvious in developing Asia, especially in the less developed economies. Rapid urbanization in the coming years implies that the prob¬lem can only worsen under a "business-as-usual" sort of policy regime. Clearly, a redoubling of efforts is called for to deal with the situation. This paper attempts to examine some relevant key issues and identify ways of addressing them. Because access to water and sanitation services is income-elastic, particularly at lower income ranges, rapid and sustained economic growth will be important. Also significantly instrumental will be reduction in popu-lation pressures from a natural increase in and migration to large cities. This is so because of negative congestion effects, and there appears to be no clear economies of scale in the provision of water and sanitation services; on the contrary, there are indications that such services can be supplied less expen-sively in smaller cities and towns. There is ample scope for private sector provision and/or private fi-nancing of water via appropriate user fees; some cross subsidization scheme can be adopted to deal with equity issues. In the case of sanitation, given the typical public-goods problem, direct government intervention will be needed especially in low-income communities. Government decentralization and devolution appears beneficial for the whole issue of urban infrastruc¬ture and basic services. Local governments should therefore be accorded the necessary institutional and financial support to adequately perform this function. Finally, assistance to private enterprises could be sought from development finance institutions in the form of affordable loans that may be required during the first few years of operation.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titleAspects of Urban Water and Sanitation in the Context of Rapid Urbanization in Developing Asia
dc.typeReports
dc.subject.expertAccess To Water
dc.subject.expertAvailable Water
dc.subject.expertDemand For Water
dc.subject.expertDrinking Water
dc.subject.expertDrinking Water And Sanitation
dc.subject.expertFreshwater
dc.subject.expertGroundwater Quality
dc.subject.expertManaging Water Resources
dc.subject.expertDemand For Water
dc.subject.expertUrban Development
dc.subject.expertUrban Conditions
dc.subject.expertUrban Areas
dc.subject.expertPublic Water Supplies
dc.subject.expertWater & Sanitation Assocation (Wasa)
dc.subject.expertWater And Sanitation
dc.subject.adbUrban Plans
dc.subject.adbEconomic Development
dc.subject.adbUrban concentration
dc.subject.adbSewage management
dc.subject.adbSanitation services wastes
dc.subject.adbWater Shortage
dc.subject.naturalUrban renewal
dc.subject.naturalLocal government
dc.subject.naturalFresh water
dc.subject.naturalWater quality management
dc.subject.naturalDrinking water protection
dc.subject.naturalWater quality
dc.subject.naturalWater availability
dc.subject.naturalPublic utilities
dc.title.seriesEconomic Staff Paper
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeUrban
oar.themeWater
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-002947
oar.authorPernia, Ernesto M
oar.authorAlabastro, Stella LF
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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