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Philippines: Designing a Local Government Enhancement Fund
The main transfer instrument from the central government to local government units (LGUs) in the Philippines, the internal revenue allotment, has been criticized for: its inability to equalize sufficiently, especially regarding the poorer municipalities ...
Philippines: Private Sector Development Challenges and Possible Ways to Go
(Asian Development Bank, 2011-08-01)
In the last decade, employment gains from economic growth in the Philippines have been limited, largely due to the underperformance of the private sector. Success of the services sector in general, and that of the business process outsourcing industry ...
Paper-Free Trade for Smallholder Farmers: A Pilot Study of a Coffee Association in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic
(Asian Development Bank, 2015-03-03)
This paper describes a pilot study on paper-free trade in coffee exported to Europe by the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, using a cloud-based software as a service. The time and money savings obtained by the coffee producer organization in document ...