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Protestantism and Human Capital in Guatemala and the Republic of Korea

dc.contributor.authorRachel M. McCleary
dc.description.abstractProtestant missions from the United States entered the Republic of Korea and Guatemala at the same time (1884 and 1882, respectively). Yet, their impact on human capital has been divergent. The analysis presented in this paper supports the findings of Woodberry (2004, 2009, 2011) and Nunn (2009) in the case of the Republic of Korea. Mainline Protestant missions—Presbyterian and Methodist— promoted the Social Gospel and were the largest in the Republic of Korea implementing successful strategies such as using Korean (Hangul) as the lingua franca in their schools, churches, and medical facilities. Whereas the mainline Protestant denominations in the Republic of Korea successfully promoted investment in human capital, the case of Guatemala does not follow this pattern. Evangelical, Pentecostal, and neo-Pentecostal denominations and churches focused their efforts on evangelizing. Their premilliennialist beliefs translated into an eschatological urgency of conversion with little investment in human capital. As a result, institution-building requisite for investment in human capital (establishing educational institutions and medical facilities) characterized Protestant missions in the Republic of Korea, but not Guatemala. These diverging approaches to exporting Christianity have had differing longterm effects on the two societies.
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.titleProtestantism and Human Capital in Guatemala and the Republic of Korea
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertAid And Development
dc.subject.expertAsian Development Bank
dc.subject.expertComprehensive Development Framework
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Cooperation
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Management
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Planning
dc.subject.expertDevelopment Strategies
dc.subject.adbRural planning
dc.subject.adbAid coordination
dc.subject.adbIndustrial projects
dc.subject.adbInfrastructure projects
dc.subject.adbNatural resources policy
dc.subject.adbEducational development
dc.subject.naturalCommunication in rural development
dc.subject.naturalCommunication in community development
dc.subject.naturalEconomic development projects
dc.subject.naturalDevelopment banks
dc.subject.naturalEconomic forecasting
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental auditing
dc.subject.naturalCumulative effects assessment
dc.subject.naturalHuman rights and globalization
dc.title.seriesEconomics Working Papers
dc.title.volumeno 332
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionEast Asia Region
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.authorMcCleary, Rachel M.

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