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Inequality of Human Opportunities in Developing Asia

dc.contributor.authorHyun Hwa Son
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-24T13:14:22Z
dc.date.available2015-01-24T13:14:22Z
dc.date.issued2012-06-01
dc.identifier.issn1655-5252
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/1603
dc.description.abstract"This paper analyzes the equity of opportunity in basic education and infrastructure services in seven developing countries, namely, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam. The analysis applies a method developed by the World Bank called the Human Opportunity Index (HOI). The HOI measures the total contribution of individuals’ socioeconomic and demographic circumstances to inequality of opportunity in accessing basic services. A new methodology presented in this study, however, provides a way to quantify the relative contribution of each circumstance variable to the inequality of opportunity. Results of the empirical analysis indicate that more needs to be done to improve the distribution of economic benefits. Opportunities to access basic education and infrastructure services in the seven countries vary widely in terms of availability and distribution. The study also finds that inequality of opportunity is driven mainly by per capita household expenditure. This suggests that household poverty plays a crucial role in determining equitable access to basic services."
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.titleInequality of Human Opportunities in Developing Asia
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertHigher Education Costs
dc.subject.expertLevels Of Education
dc.subject.expertEducational Reform
dc.subject.expertGovernance
dc.subject.expertEducational Policies
dc.subject.expertEducational Quality
dc.subject.expertEducational Programs
dc.subject.expertGovernance Approach
dc.subject.expertCorporate Governance Framework
dc.subject.adbHigher education
dc.subject.adbEducation
dc.subject.adbSecondary education
dc.subject.adbHigher education institutions
dc.subject.adbEducational aspects
dc.subject.adbEconomics of education
dc.subject.adbEducational development
dc.subject.adbPublic Administration
dc.subject.adbInstitutional Framework
dc.subject.naturalDistributive education
dc.subject.naturalCommunication in technical education
dc.subject.naturalCollege preparation programs
dc.subject.naturalCommunity and college
dc.subject.naturalPublic universities and colleges
dc.subject.naturalPrivate universities and colleges
dc.subject.naturalCollege dropouts
dc.subject.naturalCommunication in higher education
dc.subject.naturalHigher education and state
dc.subject.naturalState departments of education
dc.subject.naturalGovernment
dc.subject.naturalPolitical obligation
dc.title.seriesADB economics working paper series
dc.title.volumeNo. 328
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.themeEducation
oar.themeGovernance
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic Republic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryMicronesia, Federated States of
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryChina, People’s Republic of
oar.countryHong Kong, China
oar.countryChina, People’s Republic of
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-001213
oar.authorSon, Hyun Hwa
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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  • Economics Working Paper Series
    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Economics Working Paper Series is a forum for stimulating discussion and eliciting feedback on ongoing and recently completed research and policy studies undertaken by ADB staff, consultants, or resource persons. The series deals with key economic and development problems, particularly those facing Asia and the Pacific. It also covers conceptual, analytical, or methodological issues relating to project or program economic analysis and statistical data measurement. The series aims to enhance knowledge on Asia’s development and policy challenges, strengthen analytical rigor and quality of ADB’s country partnership strategies, and improve the quality and availability of statistical data and development indicators for monitoring development effectiveness.

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