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Education Outcomes in the Philippines

dc.contributor.authorDalisay S. Maligalig
dc.contributor.authorRhona B. Caoli-Rodriguez
dc.contributor.authorArturo Jr. Martinez
dc.contributor.authorSining Cuevas
dc.description.abstract"This paper identifies key determinants of individual, school, and quality of education outcomes and examines related policies, strategies, and project interventions to recommend reforms or possible reorientation. Two sets of data were used: (i) data on school resources and outputs from the administrative reporting systems of the Department of Education; and (ii) the 2002, 2004, and 2007 Annual Poverty Indicator Surveys. Analysis of individual, school, and quality of education outcomes showed that although school resources such as pupil–teacher ratio is a key determinant for both individual and school outcomes, and that per capita miscellaneous operating and other expenses are significant factors in determining quality of education outcome, socioeconomic characteristics are stronger determinants. Children of families in the lower-income deciles and with less educated household heads are vulnerable and less likely to attend school. Girls have better odds of attending school than boys. Working children, especially males, are less likely to attend secondary school. On the basis of these results, recommendations in the areas of policy and programs are discussed to help address further deterioration, reverse the declining trend, and/or sustain gains so far in improving basic education system performance outcomes."
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank
dc.titleEducation Outcomes in the Philippines
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertGender Equality
dc.subject.expertWomen's Education
dc.subject.expertPublic Education
dc.subject.expertEquity In Education
dc.subject.expertEducational Statistics
dc.subject.expertGender Bias
dc.subject.expertGender Inequality
dc.subject.expertGender Policy
dc.subject.expertGender Discrimination
dc.subject.adbComparative Analysis
dc.subject.adbPreschool education
dc.subject.adbBasic education
dc.subject.adbEducational policy
dc.subject.adbSociological Analysis
dc.subject.adbSex Discrimination
dc.subject.adbEqual Opportunity
dc.subject.adbWomen's Rights
dc.subject.naturalPrimary school supervision
dc.subject.naturalDiscrimination in higher education
dc.subject.naturalElementary education
dc.subject.naturalSchool environment
dc.subject.naturalRight to education
dc.subject.naturalEducational evaluation
dc.subject.naturalGender-based analysis
dc.subject.naturalSex dicrimination against women
dc.subject.naturalEqual rights
dc.title.seriesADB economics working paper series
dc.title.volumeNo. 199
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank
oar.adminregionSoutheast Asia Region
oar.authorMaligalig, Dalisay S.
oar.authorCaoli-Rodriguez, Rhona B.
oar.authorMartinez, Arturo Jr.
oar.authorCuevas, Sining

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