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What Works for Working Women? Unpacking the Constraints on Female Labour Force Participation in Bangladesh

dc.contributor.authorAphichoke Kotikula
dc.contributor.authorRuth Hill
dc.contributor.authorWameq Azfar Raza
dc.description.abstractDuring the last five years, urban poverty reduction in Bangladesh has stagnated and, perhaps without coincidence, this has also been a period in which urban female labour force participation (FLFP) rates have also fallen. Understanding factors that constrain FLFP in urban areas is increasingly important to understanding how to ensure urban income growth and poverty reduction, as Bangladesh continues to urbanise. This paper explores factors that constrain women in slums and low-income neighbourhoods in Dhaka from engaging in the labour market and supplying their labour to wage or self-employment. It uses unique individual level data on labour market participation, time-use, norms and skills, both cognitive and non-cognitive. The data reconfirm well-known patterns about female labour force participation: that it is higher among low-income neighbourhoods and women with low education, and it is higher among younger unmarried women. The paper also highlights the correlation between soft-skills and type of work. In addition, the paper quantifies the important correlation between the need for childcare, safety in public spaces and at work.
dc.publisherBangladesh Institute of Development Studies
dc.titleWhat Works for Working Women? Unpacking the Constraints on Female Labour Force Participation in Bangladesh
dc.subject.expertGender Bias
dc.subject.expertGender Differences
dc.subject.expertGender Discrimination
dc.subject.expertGender Equality
dc.subject.expertGender Gaps
dc.subject.expertGender Inequality
dc.subject.expertGender Issues
dc.subject.expertGender Relations
dc.subject.expertGender Roles
dc.subject.expertEconometric analysis
dc.subject.expertEconomic implications
dc.subject.expertEconomies in transition
dc.subject.expertEconomic integration
dc.subject.expertGrowth potential
dc.subject.expertGross national product
dc.subject.expertEconomic discrimination
dc.subject.expertSocioeconomic surveys
dc.subject.expertSmall Business Finance
dc.subject.adbComparative Analysis
dc.subject.adbSocial Research
dc.subject.adbSex Discrimination
dc.subject.adbEmployment Discrimination
dc.subject.adbWomen's Rights
dc.subject.adbEqual Opportunity
dc.subject.adbEqual Pay
dc.subject.adbMen's Role
dc.subject.adbWomen's Role
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Economics
dc.subject.adbEconomic Analysis
dc.subject.adbEconomic Impact
dc.subject.adbSocioeconomic Development
dc.subject.adbSocioeconomic Indicators
dc.subject.adbUnpaid care work
dc.subject.naturalWomen in sustainable development
dc.subject.naturalDeveloping countries
dc.subject.naturalGender mainstreaming
dc.subject.naturalGender-based analysis
dc.subject.naturalSex differences
dc.subject.naturalJob bias
dc.subject.naturalEqual employment opportunity
dc.subject.naturalFair employment practice
dc.subject.naturalJob discrimination
dc.subject.naturalAffirmative action programs
dc.subject.naturalSex discrimination against women
dc.subject.naturalPay equity
dc.subject.naturalEqual rights amendment
dc.subject.naturalEmancipation of women
dc.subject.naturalEqual rights
dc.subject.naturalWomen's movements
dc.subject.naturalFeminist economics
dc.subject.naturalLabor economics
dc.subject.naturalWomen in economic development
dc.subject.naturalWomen in development
dc.subject.naturalWage survey
dc.subject.naturalCost and standard of living
dc.subject.naturalHuman capital
dc.subject.naturalWage gap
dc.title.seriesBIDS Bangladesh Development Studies
dc.title.volumeVol. XLII, June-September 2019, Nos. 2 & 3
dc.contributor.imprintBangladesh Institute of Development Studies
oar.adminregionSouth Asia Region
oar.authorKotikula, Aphichoke
oar.authorHill, Ruth
oar.authorRaza, Wameq Azfar

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