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What Determines Coal Consumption for Heating Residential Space in Central Asia?

dc.contributor.authorRanjeeta Mishra
dc.contributor.authorDina Azhgaliyeva
dc.contributor.authorZhanna Kapsalyamova
dc.contributor.authorAiymgul Kerimray
dc.contributor.authorKamalbek Karymshakov
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-07T04:01:34Z
dc.date.available2021-06-07T04:01:34Z
dc.date.issued2021-05-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/13691
dc.description.abstractDespite complete electrification in Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic, the reliance on coal for heating residential spaces is high. Using microdata from the national household surveys from Kazakhstan in 2017 and the Kyrgyz Republic in 2016, this study examines the factors affecting residential fuel choice and patterns of consumption for different fuel types—with an emphasis on coal—for heating in the two countries. We employ three models: logit, multinomial logit, and double-hurdle models. The results indicate that access to cleaner and more modern energy infrastructure such as natural gas pipelines and central heating are important for reducing solid fuel consumption, especially in rural areas. Regions with higher coal prices prefer cleaner heating, while regions with higher electricity prices prefer solid fuels. Education is important for the reduction of household solid fuel consumption. The results do not provide evidence that newer houses are more energy efficient.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.titleWhat Determines Coal Consumption for Heating Residential Space in Central Asia?
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Energy Consumption
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy development
dc.subject.expertHousehold Energy Consumption
dc.subject.expertRenewable Energy
dc.subject.expertEvaluation
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy
dc.subject.expertEnergy Technology
dc.subject.expertStockpiling
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Sustainability
dc.subject.expertWork Environment
dc.subject.expertUrban Environment
dc.subject.expertSocial Environment
dc.subject.expertRegulatory Environments
dc.subject.expertInternational Environmental Relations
dc.subject.expertInstitutional Environment Assessment
dc.subject.expertGlobal Environment
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Sustainability
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Strategy
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Services
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Resources
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Management and Planning
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Issues
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Guidelines
dc.subject.expertEnvironmental Effects
dc.subject.expertEnvironment and Pollution Prevention
dc.subject.expertClimate change
dc.subject.adbEnergy efficiency
dc.subject.adbEnergy Pricing Policy
dc.subject.adbEnergy Supply
dc.subject.adbPrimary Energy Supply
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Indicators
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy program
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy technology
dc.subject.adbDomestic Energy
dc.subject.adbEnergy Demand
dc.subject.adbEnergy Prices
dc.subject.adbEnergy
dc.subject.adbEnergy planning
dc.subject.adbLand Development
dc.subject.adbForestry Development
dc.subject.adbFishery Development
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Statistics
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Planning
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Management
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Education
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Capacity
dc.subject.adbPollution Control
dc.subject.adbNature Protection
dc.subject.adbEnvironmental Conservation
dc.subject.naturalPower resource
dc.subject.naturalElectric power
dc.subject.naturalEnergy development
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy assistance
dc.subject.naturalEnergy tax credit
dc.subject.naturalCarbon tax
dc.subject.naturalElectric power consumption
dc.subject.naturalCost effectiveness
dc.subject.naturalSupply and demand
dc.subject.naturalPrices
dc.subject.naturalEnergy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy consumption
dc.subject.naturalPrice Indexes
dc.subject.naturalInfrastructure
dc.subject.naturalGreen technology
dc.subject.naturalElectric power
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy source
dc.subject.naturalEnergy development
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy conservation
dc.subject.naturalEnergy policy
dc.subject.naturalCarbon emissions
dc.subject.naturalCarbon markets
dc.subject.naturalCarbon dioxide mitigation
dc.subject.naturalEcological risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalAir quality indexes
dc.subject.naturalEcological risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental impact evaluation
dc.subject.naturalAnalysis of environmental impact
dc.subject.naturalEnvironmental toxicology
dc.subject.naturalHealth risk assessment
dc.subject.naturalRain and rainfall
dc.subject.naturalAcid precipitation
dc.subject.naturalOzone-depleting substance mitigation
dc.subject.naturalGreenhouse gas mitigation
dc.subject.naturalPrevention of pollution
dc.subject.naturalAir quality
dc.subject.naturalAir quality management
dc.subject.naturalPollution
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Papers
dc.title.volumeNo. 1262
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.themeEnergy
oar.themeEnvironment
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji Islands
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryFederated States of Micronesia
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryPeople's Republic of China
oar.countryHong Kong
oar.countryChina
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.identifierOAR-013048
oar.authorMishra, Ranjeeta
oar.authorAzhgaliyeva, Dina
oar.authorKapsalyamova, Zhanna
oar.authorKerimray, Aiymgul
oar.authorKarymshakov, Kamalbek
oar.importTRUE
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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