Public-Private Partnerships in Georgia and Impact Assessment of Infrastructure
Devidze, Nestan | July 2020
This research study aimed to assesses the impact of infrastructure based on the evaluation of infrastructure provision’s effect on public finance, presenting the case of Kutaisi International Airport in Georgia. In the case, we assessed the impact of the airport on the public finances of the region in which is located and its spillover effects on the related regions. For the assessment, we obtained regional quarterly tax data for the years 2011–17 from the Ministry of Finance of Georgia. We differentiated between three groups of taxes: total taxes, business taxes, and property taxes. We utilized the data to exploit the difference-in-difference (DiD) approach, assessing the impact of the airport on tax revenues for the group of affected regions relative to a control group of unaffected regions. We further distinguished effects for the short term (2013), medium term (2014–15), and long term (2016–17). We found statistically significant increases in the growth rates of all three groups of tax revenues in at least one phase, with the magnitude of the increase being up to 29 percentage points relative to the group of control regions. The results of the empirical study suggest that the reconstruction of the airport had a positive impact on the tax revenues of the state. The paper further discusses the current state of infrastructure financing in Georgia and outlines the importance of greater involvement of the private sector in infrastructure financing through public–private partnerships (PPPs). Consequently, the paper assesses the recent developments in the PPP policy of Georgia and benchmarks it against internationally recognized best practices. It defines the challenges faced by PPPs and provides recommendations for further improvement of the PPP-friendly environment in the country. Finally, the paper discusses the development of the approach to enable the government to use the incremental tax revenues to fill the viability gap for infrastructure projects by increasing the rate of return for private investors.
CitationDevidze, Nestan. 2020. Public-Private Partnerships in Georgia and Impact Assessment of Infrastructure. © Asian Development Bank Institute. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/12253.
Financial & Private Sector Development
Private Sector Investments
Private Sector Participation
Private Sector Projects
Public Sector Infrastructure
Public Sector Management
Public Sector Projects
Central local government relations
Decentralization in government
Intergovernmental fiscal relations
Investment of public funds
Government business enterprisesShow allCollapse