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Demographics, Labor Mobility, and Productivity

dc.contributor.authorE. J. Wilson
dc.contributor.authorK. Jayanthakumaran
dc.contributor.authorR. Verma
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-24T13:12:19Z
dc.date.available2015-01-24T13:12:19Z
dc.date.issued2012-10-11
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11540/1149
dc.description.abstractThis paper considers two major issues that need to be treated as matters of urgency. First, internal (within country) migrations in the Asian (ACI) region are mostly undocumented and large. It is shown there are significant differences in wages and human development measures to which migrants will respond. Our first (of two) recommendation(s) is the need to collect better information on migration and for wage premiums and discounts to be estimated across sectors and countries. The second major issue is the emerging demographic imbalances in the form of aging, which will give dependency ratios that have never been experienced in all of recorded human existence. This needs urgent attention and the development of appropriate migration policies. Whilst it is possible to share the burdens of ageing and dependency through migration, this will not happen under present arrangements. Migration cannot continue to be treated differently to trade and finance. A framework needs to be developed to provide a coherent set of policies relating to migration and social welfare, within and across countries in the Asian region. Our second recommendation is for the East Asia Summit (ASEAN+10) to set up a high level working group to consider possible future harmonized migration based policies, bringing together relevant economic, political, social and legal issues. This should encompass the recent ASEAN leadership on the rights of migrant workers and labor work programs. It complements the Summit’s focus on education and human resource development and heeds the World Economic Forum’s call for Asian leadership in enhancing regional connectivity (expanded to include human resources). As we have argued many times in this paper, increasing the mobility of humans is the best way to not only promote economic efficiency, but to provide freedom and significant improvements in their wellbeing and quality of life.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/
dc.titleDemographics, Labor Mobility, and Productivity
dc.typeWorking Papers
dc.subject.expertEconomic Crisis
dc.subject.expertEconomic Efficiency
dc.subject.expertEconomic Policies
dc.subject.expertRegional Economic Development
dc.subject.expertJob Evaluation
dc.subject.expertEvaluation
dc.subject.adbCrisis
dc.subject.adbUnemployment
dc.subject.adbEconomic cooperation
dc.subject.adbGross domestic product
dc.subject.adbEmployment
dc.subject.adbEconomic forecast
dc.subject.naturalFinancial crisis
dc.subject.naturalLabor economics
dc.subject.naturalRegional economics
dc.subject.naturalTurnover
dc.subject.naturalEconomic survey
dc.subject.naturalJob analysis
dc.subject.naturalLabor turnover
dc.title.seriesADBI Working Paper Series
dc.title.volumeNo. 387
dc.contributor.imprintAsian Development Bank Institute
oar.themeEconomics
oar.themeEvaluation
oar.themeLabor Migration
oar.adminregionAsia and the Pacific Region
oar.countryBangladesh
oar.countryBhutan
oar.countryIndia
oar.countryMaldives
oar.countryNepal
oar.countrySri Lanka
oar.countryBrunei Darussalam
oar.countryCambodia
oar.countryIndonesia
oar.countryLao People's Democratic Republic
oar.countryMalaysia
oar.countryMyanmar
oar.countryPhilippines
oar.countrySingapore
oar.countryThailand
oar.countryViet Nam
oar.countryCook Islands
oar.countryFiji
oar.countryKiribati
oar.countryMarshall Islands
oar.countryMicronesia, Federated States of
oar.countryNauru
oar.countryPalau
oar.countryPapua New Guinea
oar.countrySamoa
oar.countrySolomon Islands
oar.countryTimor-Leste
oar.countryTonga
oar.countryTuvalu
oar.countryVanuatu
oar.countryAfghanistan
oar.countryArmenia
oar.countryAzerbaijan
oar.countryGeorgia
oar.countryKazakhstan
oar.countryKyrgyz Republic
oar.countryPakistan
oar.countryTajikistan
oar.countryTurkmenistan
oar.countryUzbekistan
oar.countryChina, People’s Republic of
oar.countryHong Kong, China
oar.countryChina, People’s Republic of
oar.countryRepublic of Korea
oar.countryMongolia
oar.countryTaipei,China
oar.dep.sourceADBI
oar.identifierOAR-002294
oar.authorWilson, E. J.
oar.authorJayanthakumaran, K.
oar.authorVerma, R.
oar.importtrue
oar.googlescholar.linkpresenttrue


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    The Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Working Paper series is a continuation of the formerly named Discussion Paper series which began in January 2003. The numbering of the papers continued without interruption or change. ADBI was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific.

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