Process and Prospects for Lasting Blue Skies in the People’s Republic of China
He, KeBin; Ancora, Maria Pia | December 2019
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) launched its fight against air pollution in 2013, with an action plan that is the first of its kind. This paper analyzes the challenges and successes of this fight in defense of the PRC’s blue skies. Energy structure adjustment, industrial structure adjustment, and major emission reduction projects conducted in just 5 years, from 2013 to 2017, have led to a remarkable decline in overall air pollution in the PRC. Compared to 2013, the average concentration in 2017 of fine particulate matter in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta decreased by 39.6%, 34.3%, and 27.7%. The average annual concentration of fine particulate matter in Beijing reached 58 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3), exceeding the action plan targets. Yet most of the cities in the PRC cannot meet the prescribed national air quality standards. Furthermore, the fight against pollution has become even more complex due to emerging photochemical air pollution which requires more sophisticated monitoring and modeling tools for its management. The embodiment of the Ecological Civilization principles in the PRC’s future economic development strategies will prove a useful ally in the defense of blue skies.
CitationHe, KeBin; Ancora, Maria Pia. 2019. Process and Prospects for Lasting Blue Skies in the People’s Republic of China. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/11472. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Institutional Environment Assessment
Environmentally Sustainable Development
Environmentally Damaging Subsidies
Environment and Pollution Prevention
Environmental Action Plans
Environmental Health Hazards
Alternative energy development
Polluter Pays Principle
Inland Water transport
Alternative energy program
Alternative energy technology
Air quality indexes
Oil spills prevention
Prevention of pollution
Water resources development
Water quality trading
Experimental watershed areas
Liability for water pollution damages
Tide pool ecology
Ocean bottom ecology
Marine riparian ecology
Marine microbial ecology
Marine chemical ecology
Renewable energy source
Renewable energy resource
Conservation of natural resources
Air pollution potential
Pollution control industry
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