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Understanding India's Power Capacity: Surplus or Not, and for How Long?

dc.contributor.authorMuhammad Tabish Parray
dc.contributor.authorRahul Tongia
dc.description.abstractIndia’s March 2019 installed electricity capacity (grid-based, that is, excluding captive power and small scale Renewable Energy) was 356.1 GW (CEA, 2019). More capacity is being added to the grid and the country has ambitious Renewable Energy (RE) targets, aiming to install 175 GW of renewables by 2022, out of which 77.64 GW have been installed till March 2019. Solar PV (100 GW) and wind (60 GW) constitute the major components of these targets. In addition to the RE targets, per the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), a total of 62.7 GW firm aka dispatchable Capacity is planned to be built by 2022, whereas 22.7 GW is projected to go offline. Meeting these targets will take the total installed capacity by 2022 to nearly 475 GW. Compared to the capacity, the peak demand met till date (March 31, 2019) in the FY 2018-2019 was 175.59 GW (met in Sep 2018). This is the load met at the grid level as visible at state boundaries. This figure, like installed capacity above, does not consider (1) captive power and (2) rooftop solar and distributed generation (or other very small generation not visible to the grid SCADA [Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition]). This load met at a grid level, which is higher than consumer load (which is after distribution losses), is only around 50% of the total current installed capacity of 349.29 GW. Thus, if only 50% of the capacity is “utilised” currently, isn’t the country vastly in surplus? We examine this question in detail in this paper.
dc.publisherBrookings India
dc.titleUnderstanding India's Power Capacity: Surplus or Not, and for How Long?
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy
dc.subject.expertAlternative energy development
dc.subject.expertCommercial Energy
dc.subject.expertEnergy Economics
dc.subject.expertEnergy Technology
dc.subject.expertHousehold Energy Consumption
dc.subject.expertIndustrial Energy Consumption
dc.subject.expertPrimary Energy
dc.subject.expertResults-Based Monitoring And Evaluation
dc.subject.expertProject Evaluation & Review Technique
dc.subject.expertEvaluation Techniques
dc.subject.expertEvaluation Methods
dc.subject.expertEvaluation Criteria
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy program
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy technology
dc.subject.adbDomestic Energy
dc.subject.adbEnergy Demand
dc.subject.adbEnergy Prices
dc.subject.adbEnergy Pricing Policy
dc.subject.adbEnergy Supply
dc.subject.adbPrimary Energy Supply
dc.subject.adbDevelopment Indicators
dc.subject.adbSocial Participation
dc.subject.adbLow Income Groups
dc.subject.adbIncome Generation
dc.subject.adbNewly Industrializing Countries
dc.subject.adbInput output analysis
dc.subject.adbCost benefit analysis
dc.subject.adbNeeds assessment
dc.subject.adbEconomic evaluation
dc.subject.adbEnergy Industries
dc.subject.adbEnergy planning
dc.subject.adbAlternative energy technology
dc.subject.adbProject impact
dc.subject.adbProgram management
dc.subject.adbProject appraisal
dc.subject.naturalGreen technology
dc.subject.naturalElectric power
dc.subject.naturalEnergy development
dc.subject.naturalPower supply
dc.subject.naturalElectric power consumption
dc.subject.naturalSupply and demand
dc.subject.naturalElectric power plant
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy source
dc.subject.naturalRenewable energy resource
dc.subject.naturalEnergy conservation
dc.subject.naturalEnergy policy
dc.subject.naturalParticipatory monitoring and evaluation
dc.subject.naturalParticipative management
dc.subject.naturalEnergy consumption
dc.subject.naturalRisk assessment
dc.contributor.imprintBrookings India
oar.adminregionSouth Asia Region
oar.authorParray, Muhammad Tabish
oar.authorTongia, Rahul

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