Capital Account Policies in Emerging Asian Economies: Are They Effective in the 2000s?
Jongwanich, Juthathip | April 2019
This paper examines the effectiveness of capital account policy in terms of its ability to affect the volume and composition of capital flows, relieve pressures on real exchange rates, and foster monetary policy independence. Ten emerging Asian economies are used as case studies to assess the effectiveness of capital account policy during 2000–2015. The results suggest that some types of capital controls are effective in reducing the volume of capital flows and pressure on real exchange rates. The choice of exchange rate regime matters in terms of the effectiveness of capital controls for fostering monetary policy independence. Although some types of capital controls are effective in creating macroeconomic stability, implementing capital account policy needs to be undertaken with caution. This is because substitution or complementarity among capital controls is evident, both within and across countries in the region. It seems that strong economic fundamentals are more important than capital account policy for changing the composition of capital inflows toward more stable and long-term flows.
CitationJongwanich, Juthathip. 2019. Capital Account Policies in Emerging Asian Economies: Are They Effective in the 2000s?. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/10073. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
Financial Management System
Capital Market Development
Foreign and Domestic Financing
Foreign Direct Investment
International Financial Market
Multilateral Financial Institutions
Gross domestic product
Multilateral development banks
Economic development projects
International banks and banking
Central banks and banking
Bills of exchange
Banks and banking
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